Three Reasons People Self-Injure and How to Resist Self-Harm

Monday, July 17 2017 Becky Oberg

The reasons people self-injure vary, but there are many ways to reign in self-harm to develop better coping skills. Learn reasons for self-harm and how to stop.

Many people with mental illness have their reasons to self-injure but it's important to resist self-harm urges. While most commonly associated with borderline personality disorder (BPD), self-harm can occur with any mental illness. There are three reasons people self-injure: to punish themselves, to feel something instead of nothing, and to feel stronger.

Reasons People Self-Injure and How to Fight Back Again Self-Harm Urges

Self-Injury Reason #1: Punishment

Sometimes our mental issues convince us we are bad people who need to be punished. The Punitive Parent voice, as one researcher put it, is squashing us to the point where we can no longer breathe. We feel bad, so we treat ourselves badly. Self-injury is just one way to do this.

In my case, this is the voice that says "Not good enough." This is the voice that takes over after I try something and fail or face a perceived rejection. Basically, I self-injure when I hear this voice to shut it up, though the ironic part is it then starts berating me for self-injuring.

Fight Back Against the Punitive Parent

The good news is there are ways to fight back. The Punitive Parent is a liar with unrealistic expectations. Recognizing this is key to fighting back. Call it a liar. List the things that you do well and the good things people like about you. It may help to have a file of nice notes you receive from your friends and family. You don't deserve to be hurt. Beware any emotion that tells you otherwise.

Self-Inury Reason #2: To Feel Something Instead of Nothing

This is the most common reason I hear for people self-injuring. Basically, the person has a dissociative episode and self-injures as a way to snap out of it. During a dissociative episode, you temporarily lose contact with reality--it may feel like you're floating, like you're a ghost, or as if you're dead. Self-injury can be an unhealthy grounding technique to ward off dissociation.

Fight Back Against Dissociation

The best way to fight back against this reason people self-injure is to practice positive grounding techniques for dissociation. One that works for me is to list five things you see, four things you feel (such as your body against the chair), three things you hear (this needs to be something external; for example, as I write this I hear birds singing), two things you smell (you may need to get up for this one), and one positive thing about yourself. HealthyPlace also has a list of 21 grounding techniques to consider. Try until you find one that works for you. It's okay if one doesn't work; deep breathing doesn't work for me. You are you, and what works for you is what works for you.

Self-Injury Reason #3: To Feel Stronger

This is the reason I started self-injuring, and the reason I kept self-injuring for as long as I did. I had to feel stronger. I blamed my victimization on weakness. In my mind, if I wasn't afraid of physical pain, I could override the mental pain from the current, usually traumatic situation and take action to fix it. I felt like self-injury gave me strength.

Fight Back Against Feeling Weak

The best way to fight back against this is with exercise, especially martial arts. This does not work for everybody, however. Some people find vigorous exercise actually makes things worse. But if it works for you, it can be a valuable tool in overcoming the urge to self-injure.

So those are three reasons people self-injure. What are your reasons? Leave a comment in the comments section.

Author: Becky Oberg

View all posts by Becky Oberg.

Three Reasons People Self-Injure and How to Resist Self-Harm

Lizanne Corbit
says:
July, 17 2017 at 6:43 pm

Excellent awareness and thoughtful guidance. I really enjoy the "5 countdown" for fighting back against dissociation. Self-injury can be a difficult concept for people to understand, especially because there is so much fear surrounding it, but this read is helpful for all parities involved.

cynthia
says:
July, 30 2017 at 8:39 am

It is hard to restrain from self harm when you feel like this
It's hard to resist self harm when you feel like this
Rock-a-bye dead baby
cold and shivering in the poisonous womb
Eyes evolving to yearn darkness
impatiently yanked breach
Through 80-grit lined vagina.

Rock-a-bye dead baby
sucking venomous breast milk
sobbing tears of hydrochloric acid
carving trenches down neonatal cheeks
angels flutter their atrophied wings
desiring to comfort but forbidden to touch.

Rock-a-bye dead baby
bathed in tetrochloric acid
scrubbed raw with rancid hog soap
recoiling from the searing touch
burning and scarring tender flesh

Rock-a-bye dead baby
swaddled in woven blankets of wineberry briars
laid to rest on shards of stained glass
moldy, rotting ropes suspnd presious cradles
twisting, swinging and unraveling
above the expanding vacuum

Rock-a-bye dead baby
peaceful slumber eludes
melancholy whimpers of exhaustion
fitful sleep embraces
snapping rope and death cry echoes
swallowed by the black abyss.
I was born a dead baby
so Rock-a-bye to me.

Lee
says:
July, 1 2018 at 10:25 am

I commented on your other post Borderline Personality Disorder Personal Responsibly and Identity. I had to get away from my ex-wife for a while and take a break from the abuse. While I was away she went out and got drunk with three security supervisors from where she worked and one of their room mates. To get to the point she cheate on me. This is a pattern with her in her relationships. I believe she was looking for something, someone, anyone to take away the pain of feeling rejected, unlovable, inadequat and powerless. Her acting out only back fired, pushed me to the point of wanting nothing to do with her. I was ashamed of her. This was clearly a self- harming gesture.

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