The Biology of Fear

February 29, 2012 Jodi Lobozzo Aman, LCSW-R

Fear is a biological response. The fearful stimuli tells our amygdala to release adrenaline (our “fight or flight” hormone). The sole purpose of this is to give us energy to fight or flee. In other words, its purpose is to get us to act, once we act, the fear is pointless. And, usually goes away, since acting has us feeling empowered, not so out of control. Our focus becomes on our tasks at hand, and the worry get relegated to the background.

Fear and Feeling Helpless

However, we are not walking in the woods and see a dangerous animal, like our ancestors did. In today’s day and age, our anxieties are usually about things we feel helpless to affect: war, climate change, getting sick, violence, a loved one dying, or not being good enough. The helplessness feeds the anxiety. And in return we are immobilized by it. Our body and brain don't know what to do with the energy it conjured to act, and we feel imprisoned by panic.

When this happens we need to focus on our personal agency: how we can respond. We need to do something and feel empowered by it. Something that helps us feel a sense of control. Even though we might not be able to control what happens to us, we can control how we respond to it. Even the smallest action can help the fear decrease. (That's why people often pace when they are in panic mode. This actually helps them a bit.)

We are never completely helpless, though anxiety has us feeling this way about everything. So try to do something, any little action can make a difference. Sitting in the panic is usually the worse thing you can do.

How do you respond when you are scared and anxious?

By Jodi Lobozzo Aman

I blog here: Heal Now and Forever Be In Peace
and here: Anxiety-Schmanxiety Blog,
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APA Reference
Lobozzo, J. (2012, February 29). The Biology of Fear, HealthyPlace. Retrieved on 2024, May 21 from

Author: Jodi Lobozzo Aman, LCSW-R

May, 25 2015 at 1:06 am

thing will always keep on changing, so let there be no fear of any change

May, 25 2015 at 1:01 am

Nice article to read

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June, 11 2012 at 8:04 pm

Crying is indeed cleansing. I encourage it. Let me know,Mike, if I can help at all. Thinking of you!

June, 11 2012 at 6:26 pm

If I could just CRY it would be so cleansing and relaxing. Still not sure why this is happening to me but I am trying real hard to reaso0n it out instead of going crazy.

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Dr Musli Ferati
May, 15 2012 at 1:43 am

Indeed, this paper is another excellent suggestion on dealing with the feeling of fear, as our emotional response to concrete or fictive danger. I can only to augment the fact that the essence of whole emotional performance is our brain, respectively its limb system, as modulating centre of our vulnerable emotional life. Your welcome advises to face successfully with sense of scare and anxiety, with instant undertaking any action, fulfills the statement that our brain have great capacity of adjustment in front of many threaten daily events. It is our choice,if we would implement in efficient way this adaptive capability of our brain as comprehensive organ of global life functioning.

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April, 10 2012 at 12:34 pm

For five years, Jack Yianitsas experienced the debilitating symptoms of fear, anxiety, and depression. Often these symptoms are diagnosed by physicians as panic attack disorder or anxiety disorder. In a constant state of anxiety and panic, he searched desperately for a way out of his forest of despair. Following what seemed to be an almost insurmountable degree of frustration and disappointment, he found the way to his permanent recovery from his severe anxiety symptoms.

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March, 30 2012 at 6:22 am

Sure heightened anxiety can happen over days, or weeks. You can call it anything you'd like that describes it for you. (will talk about names next week). You treat it like you treat any other anxiety, worries, fear, etc: trusting yourself.

March, 30 2012 at 11:19 am

Thank you Jodi. I love your reply, because it doesn't involve medication, and it looks so simple. I may not see much now the link between the physical symptoms and trusting myself, but I'm sure you are right <3

March, 30 2012 at 5:30 am

Jodi, I know that a panic attack is a result of anxiety. It says that it can last from few minutes until maybe few hours. What is it called when it's ongoing for over 5 days, of course with moments where symptoms are less aggressive, but still there. It can't be called attack, but what is it? how to treat it else than tranquilizers?

March, 28 2012 at 6:46 pm

So funny, I was just having a conversation about acting my way out of panic attacks a few days ago. It was prompted by a discussion I had with a friend of mine who is a scientist. You can't think your way out of fear but you can act it. Great post!

Elise Renee Gingerich
March, 5 2012 at 8:52 pm

I've Had My Most Recent Anxiety Problems, Since Winter Of 2011! (Yes, I Said That I Had My Most Recent Anxiety Problems, Since Last Winter Of 2011!) I Also Got Very Sick In Fall Of 2010 Into 2011 (Yes, I Was Basically Sick For All Of Fall 2010 Right Into 2011!) Bodily Disease Does Not Feel Good At All. (No, Having Bodily Disease, Does Not Feel Very Good At All!) :( Needless To Say, I Haven't Been Downtown Lawrence Kansas Since. (No I Haven't Really Been Downtown Lawrence Kansas, Since About Then, Not Really.....)

March, 1 2012 at 1:38 pm

Of course, the specific action I take in times of stress depends on the situation, but the imperative is to move. I'll go for a walk or a swim if I can. Sometimes just moving my lips, i.e. having a good chatfest with a close friend can help shift my perspective.

February, 29 2012 at 6:45 am

Depending on the situation. If my panic and anxiety are due to a "danger" that is happening to someone in front of me, or to a situation where there is something we can do, I usually react and act very calmly but fast. It's when the danger is gone, that i feel tired, that i become shaky and/or tearful.
When it's general anxiety, I usually "disconnect" from my body. I don't know how it happens, but it does. I feel absent and like it's happening to someone else.
The most "uncontrollable" are panic attacks,because most of times unexpected, so i don't have the time to focus before it happens.

In reply to by Anonymous (not verified)

March, 2 2012 at 11:47 am

Hi Nikky! Put "seemingly" before the "most' in the last sentence! Read it again and then think of a plan you can come up with for when you are blindsided by a panic attack. Write it down read it over and over. When the attack comes, the plan is fresh in your mind and readily available.

March, 5 2012 at 12:32 am

You're right, absolutely right. After all, it happens so often, and although it feels awful, it's nothing dangerous we can't get over.Thank you Jodi

Kelly Hashway
February, 29 2012 at 6:00 am

I completely agree. I have to do something--it doesn't matter what--when I'm scared or nervous. Otherwise that fear just gets worse.

Jodi Lobozzo Aman: Heal Now and Forever
February, 29 2012 at 5:46 am

[...] Newest post: The Biology of Fear [...]

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