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Guidelines for Treatment Antidepressant Induced Sexual Dysfunction

Physicians use these guidelines to help patients manage the sexual side effects of antidepressants.

Causes

  1. Medication Induced Sexual Dysfunction
  2. Tricyclic Antidepressants
  3. MAO inhibitors
  4. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI)
    1. Fluoxetine (Prozac) (54% Incidence sexual dysfunction)
    2. (56% Incidence sexual dysfunction)
    3. Paroxetine (Paxil) (65% Incidence sexual dysfunction)

Management Approach

  1. Observe for 4 to 6 weeks for adverse effects to subside
  2. Adjust current Antidepressant dosing
    1. Decrease Antidepressant dosage
    2. Alter timing of daily dose
    3. Consider 2 day drug holiday
      1. Paroxetine (Paxil)
      2. Not effective for Fluoxetine (Prozac)
  3. Consider adjunctive therapy (see below)
  4. Substitute another Antidepressant
    1. Minimal to no sexual dysfunction
      1. Bupropion (Wellbutrin)
      2. Mirtazapine (Remeron)
    2. Low risk of sexual dysfunction (10-15%)
      1. Fluvoxamine (Luvox)
      2. Citalopram (Celexa)
      3. Venlafaxine (Effexor)

Management: Adjunctive therapy to improve sexual function

  1. Approach to specific sexual dysfunction problems
    1. Orgasm: all of the agents below
    2. Libido: Amantadine, Buspar, Periactin, Yohimbine
    3. Erection: Amantadine, Buspar, Periactin, Yohimbine
  2. As Needed dosing
    1. Sildenafil (Viagra) 25-50 mg PO 0.5 to 4 hours before
      1. Numberg (2003) JAMA 289:56-64
    2. Amantadine 100 to 400 mg PO prn 2 days before coitus
    3. Bupropion 75-150 mg PO prn 1 to 2 hours before coitus
    4. Buspar 15-60 mg PO prn 1 to 2 hours before coitus
    5. Periactin 4-12 mg PO prn 1 to 2 hours before coitus
    6. Dexedrine 5-20 mg PO prn 1 to 2 hours before coitus
    7. Yohimbine 5.4-10.8 mg prn 1 to 2 hours before coitus
  3. Daily Dosing
    1. Amantadine 75-100 mg PO bid to tid
    2. Bupropion 75 mg PO bid to tid
    3. Buspar 5-15 mg PO bid
    4. Dexedrine 2.5 to 5 mg bid to tid
    5. Pemoline 18.75 mg PO qd
    6. Yohimbine 5.4 mg PO tid

References

  1. Montejo-Gonzalez (1997) J Sex Marital Ther 23:176
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=search&db=PubMed&term=Montejo-Gonzalez [AU] AND 1997 [DP] AND J Sex Marital Ther [TA]
  2. Moore (Jan 1999) Hospital Practice, p. 89-96
  3. Labbate (1998) J Sex Marital Ther 24:3
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=search&db=PubMed&term=Labbate [AU] AND 1998 [DP] AND J Sex Marital Ther [TA]

Source:Family Practice Notebook. The author of the Family Practice Notebook, is Scott Moses, MD, a board-certified Family Physician practicing in Lino Lakes, Minnesota.

APA Reference
Writer, H. (2008, December 20). Guidelines for Treatment Antidepressant Induced Sexual Dysfunction, HealthyPlace. Retrieved on 2019, September 21 from https://www.healthyplace.com/sex/medications/treatment-antidepressant-induced-sexual-dysfunction

Last Updated: June 27, 2019

Medically reviewed by Harry Croft, MD

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