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References to PTSD

Is PTSD a Mental Illness? PTSD in the DSM-5

American Psychiatric Publishing, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: http://www.dsm5.org/Documents/PTSD%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf

Medscape, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/288154-overview#showall

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, PTSD History and Overview: http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/PTSD-overview/ptsd-overview.asp

How to Diagnose PTSD

MedicineNet.com, How Is PTSD Assessed? http://www.medicinenet.com/posttraumatic_stress_disorder/page5.htm

Medscape, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/288154-overview#showall

PTSD Medications: Just How Effective Are They?

The Management of Post-Traumatic Stress Working Group, Department of Veteran’s Affairs, VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guidelines for Management of Post-Traumatic Stress http://www.healthquality.va.gov/guidelines/MH/ptsd/cpgPTSDFULL201011612c.pdf

Wilkinson, Stefanovics and Rosenheck, Marijuana Use Is Associated with Worse Outcomes in Symptom Severity and Violent Behavior in Patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26455669 

Marijuana and PTSD: Is It Helpful or Hurtful?

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Marijuana Use and PTSD among Veterans http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/co-occurring/marijuana_use_ptsd_veterans.asp

Wikipedia, Medical Cannabis Use in the United States https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medical_cannabis_in_the_United_States

Wilkinson, Stefanovics and Rosenheck, Marijuana Use Is Associated with Worse Outcomes in Symptom Severity and Violent Behavior in Patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26455669

PTSD Therapy and Its Role in Healing PTSD

The Management of Post-Traumatic Stress Working Group, Department of Veteran’s Affairs, VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guidelines for Management of Post-Traumatic Stress http://www.healthquality.va.gov/guidelines/MH/ptsd/cpgPTSDFULL201011612c.pdf

EMDR Therapy for PTSD and Trauma Victims

The Management of Post-Traumatic Stress Working Group, Department of Veteran’s Affairs, VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guidelines for Management of Post-Traumatic Stress http://www.healthquality.va.gov/guidelines/MH/ptsd/cpgPTSDFULL201011612c.pdf

Does a PTSD Cure Exist?

Medscape, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/288154-overview#showall

PTSD Service Dogs: How They Help and Where to Find Them

Canines 4 Hope, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD Service Dogs: http://www.canines4hope.com/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-dogs-ptsd-dog-training-florida.htm

Service Dogs for America, PTSD Service Dog: http://www.servicedogsforamerica.org/apply/ptsd-service-dog/

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Dogs and PTSD: http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/treatment/cope/dogs_and_ptsd.asp  

PTSD Statistics and Facts

Medscape, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/288154-overview#showall

U.S. Department if Veterans Affair, How Common Is PTSD? http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/PTSD-overview/basics/how-common-is-ptsd.asp

What Is Complex PTSD (C-PTSD)?

Medscape, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/288154-overview#showall

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Complex PTSD: http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/PTSD-overview/complex-ptsd.asp

How to Help Someone with PTSD

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Helping a Family Member Who Has PTSD: http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/family/helping-family-member.asp

What the National Center for PTSD Has to Offer

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, PTSD: National Center for PTSD http://www.ptsd.va.gov/index.asp

Effects of PTSD on Military Veterans

Medscape, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/288154-overview#showall

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Mental Health Effects of Serving in Afghanistan and Iraq http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/PTSD-overview/reintegration/overview-mental-health-effects.asp

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, PTSD Treatment Programs in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/treatment/therapy-med/va-ptsd-treatment-programs.asp

PTSD: A Big Problem for Military Soldiers in War Zones

Medscape, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/288154-overview#showall

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Mental Health Effects of Serving in Afghanistan and Iraq http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/PTSD-overview/reintegration/overview-mental-health-effects.asp

Vietnam Veterans Still Living with PTSD 40+ Years Later

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Findings from the National Vietnam Veterans’ Readjustment Study http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/research-bio/research/vietnam-vets-study.asp

Is PTSD a Disability? How To Get PTSD Disability Benefits

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, Fifth edition (DSM-5). Washington, D.C: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Benefits for people with disabilities. (2015). Retrieved January 13, 2016, from http://www.ssa.gov/disability/

Laurence, B. (2016). Social Security Disability for PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder). Retrieved January 13, 2016, from http://www.disabilitysecrets.com/win-can-you-get-disability-for-ptsd.html

Social Security Disability Application Help. (2016). Retrieved January 13, 2016, from https://www.disabilityapplicationhelp.org

Social security disability claims and appeals | social security law. (2015). Retrieved January 13, 2016, from http://www.socialsecuritylaw.com/

Supplementary security income. (2015). Retrieved January 13, 2016, from http://www.ssa.gov/ssi/

PTSD in Children: Symptoms, Causes, Effects, Treatments

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, Fifth edition (DSM-5). Washington, D.C: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Kronenberger, W.G. & Meyer, R.G. (2001). The child clinician’s handbook, Second edition. Needham Heights, MA: Person Allyn & Bacon.

Sutton, A.L. (2011). Stress-related disorder sourcebook. Detroit: Omnigraphics, Inc.

What Causes Some Women To Develop PTSD Symptoms?

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, Fifth edition (DSM-5). Washington, D.C: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Breslau, N. (2002). Gender differences in trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder. The Journal of Gender-Specific Medicine, 5(1), 34-40

Department of Psychiatry, Allegheny University of the Health Sciences (1997). Trauma and Women: Course, predictors, and treatment (Abstract). Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 58(9), 25-28.

Kronenberger, W.G. & Meyer, R.G. (2001). The child clinician’s handbook, Second edition. Needham Heights, MA: Person Allyn & Bacon.

Leeder, J. (2015). Post-traumatic (childbirth) stress disorder - Today's Parent. Retrieved January 18, 2016, from http://www.todaysparent.com/pregnancy/giving-birth/post-traumatic-childbirth-stress-disorder/

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) | Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA. (2015). Retrieved January 18, 2016, from http://www.adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/posttraumatic-
stress-disorder-ptsd

PTSD differences among men and women. (2012). Retrieved January 18, 2016, from https://www.recoveryranch.com/articles/trauma-and-ptsd-articles/ptsd-men-woman/

Sutton, A.L. (2011). Stress-related disorder sourcebook. Detroit: Omnigraphics, Inc.

Women, trauma and PTSD. (2015). Retrieved January 18, 2016, from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/PTSD-overview/women/women-trauma-and-ptsd.asp

PTSD From Domestic Violence, Emotional Abuse, Childhood Abuse

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, Fifth edition (DSM-5). Washington, D.C: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Babbel, S. (2011). Domestic violence: A power struggle with lasting consequences. Psychology Today.
Retrieved January 13, 2016, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/somatic-psychology/201105/domestic-violence-power-struggle-lasting-consequences

Coker, A.L., Weston, R., Creson, D.L., Justice, B. & Blakeney, P. (2005). PTSD symptoms among men and women survivors of intimate partner violence: The role of risk and protective factors (Summary). Violence and victims. 20(6), 625-643

Effects of Domestic Violence. (2015). Retrieved January 18, 2016, from http://www.joyfulheartfoundation.org/learn/domestic-violence/effects-domestic-violence

Giarratano, L. (2004). Clinical skills for managing acute psychological trauma: Effective early Interventions for treating acute stress disorder. Mascot, NSW, Australia: Talomin Books.

Hughes, M.J. & Jones, L. (2000). Women, domestic violence, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
San Diego: San Diego State University Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved January 18, 2016 from http://www.csus.edu/calst/government_affairs/reports/ffp32.pdf

Intimate Partner Violence. (2015). Retrieved January 20, 2016, from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/types/violence/domestic-violence.asp

Kronenberger, W.G. & Meyer, R.G. (2001). The child clinician’s handbook, Second edition. Needham Heights, MA: Person Allyn & Bacon.

Powell, P., & Smith, M. (2011). Domestic Violence: An Overview. Reno: University of Nevada Cooperative Extension.

Spertus, I.L., Yehuda, R., Wong, C.M., Halligan, S., & Seremitis, S.V. (2003). Childhood emotional abuse and neglect as predictors of psychological and physical symptoms in women presenting to a primary practice (Abstract). Child Abuse and Neglect. 27(11), 1247-1258.

PTSD in Rape and Abuse Victims

Babbel, S. (2011). Domestic violence: A power struggle with lasting consequences. Psychology Today. Retrieved January 13, 2016, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/somatic-psychology/201105/domestic-violence-power-struggle-lasting-consequences

Coker, A.L., Weston, R., Creson, D.L., Justice, B. & Blakeney, P. (2005). PTSD symptoms among men and women survivors of intimate partner violence: The role of risk and protective factors [Summary]. Violence and victims. 20(6), 625-643.

Hughes, M.J. & Jones, L. (2000). Women, domestic violence, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
San Diego: San Diego State University Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved January 18, 2016 from. http://www.csus.edu/calst/government_affairs/reports/ffp32.pdf

Kilpatrick, D.G. (2000). The mental health impact of rape. Medical University of South Carolina: National Violence Against Women Prevention Resource Center. Retrieved January 18, 2016 from https://mainweb v.musc.edu/vawprevention/research/mentalimpact.shtml

National Center for PTSD. (2015). Sexual assault against females. Retrieved January 18, 2016, from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/PTSD-overview/women/sexual-assault-females.asp

National Center for Victims of Crime. (1992). Factsheets: Rape-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Washington, D.C.: National Center for Victims of Crime. Retrieved January 18, 2016, from http://www.svfreenyc.org/survivors_factsheet_43.html

Rothbaum, B.O., Foa, E.B., Riggs, D.S., Murdock, T., & Walsh, W. (1992). A prospective examination of post-traumatic stress disorder in rape victims. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 5(3).

Spertus, I.L., Yehuda, R., Wong, C.M., Halligan, S., & Seremitis, S.V. (2003). Childhood emotional abuse and neglect as predictors of psychological and physical symptoms in women presenting to a primary practice (Abstract). Child Abuse and Neglect. 27(11), 1247-1258.

Women, trauma and PTSD. (2015). Retrieved January 18, 2016, from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/PTSD-overview/women/women-trauma-and-ptsd.asp

Physical and Emotional Effects of PTSD

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, Fifth edition (DSM-5). Washington, D.C: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Collins, B.G. & Collins, T.M. (2005). Crisis and trauma: Developmental-ecological intervention. Boston: Lahaska Press.

Giarratano, L. (2004). Clinical skills for managing acute psychological trauma: Effective early Interventions for treating acute stress disorder. Mascot, NSW, Australia: Talomin Books.

Horowitz, M.J. (1997). Stress response syndromes: PTSD, grief, and adjustment disorders, Third edition. Northvale, NJ: JasonAronson, Inc.

Jongsma Jr., A.E., Peterson, L.M., & Bruce, T.J. (2006). The complete adult psychotherapy treatment planer, Fourth edition. Hoboken, NJ: ohn Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Seligman, L. (1998). Selecting effective treatments: A comprehensive, systematic guide to treating mental disorders, Revised edition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Sutton, A.L. (2011). Stress-related disorder sourcebook. Detroit: Omnigraphics, Inc.

Coping with PTSD is Easier with These Coping Skills

Department of Psychiatry, Allegheny University of the Health Sciences (1997). Trauma and Women: Course, predictors, and treatment (Abstract). Journal of Clinical Psychiatry,
58(9), 25-28.

Giarratano, L. (2004). Clinical skills for managing acute psychological trauma: Effective early Interventions for treating acute stress disorder. Mascot, NSW, Australia: Talomin Books.

Jongsma Jr., A.E., Peterson, L.M., & Bruce, T.J. (2006). The complete adult psychotherapy treatment planer, Fourth edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Sutton, A.L. (2011). Stress-related disorder sourcebook. Detroit: Omnigraphics, Inc.

Living with PTSD Can Be a Nightmare

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, Fifth edition (DSM-5). Washington, D.C: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Kronenberger, W.G. & Meyer, R.G. (2001). The child clinician’s handbook, Second edition. Needham Heights, MA: Person Allyn & Bacon.

National Center for Victims of Crime. (1992). Factsheets: Rape-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Washington, D.C.: National Center for Victims of Crime. Retrieved January 18, 2016, from http://www.svfreenyc.org/survivors_factsheet_43.html

Seligman, L. (1998). Selecting effective treatments: A comprehensive, systematic guide to treating mental disorders, Revised edition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Sutton, A.L. (2011). Stress-related disorder sourcebook. Detroit: Omnigraphics, Inc

Understanding PTSD Nightmares and Flashbacks

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, Fifth edition (DSM-5). Washington, D.C: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Giarratano, L. (2004). Clinical skills for managing acute psychological trauma: Effective early Interventions for treating acute stress disorder. Mascot, NSW, Australia: Talomin Books.

Jain, S. (2014). What dreams may come: Treating the nightmares of PTSD. Psychology Today. Retrieved
January 20, 2016 from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-aftermath-trauma/201407/what-dreams-may-come-treating-the-nightmares-ptsd

Joseph, S. (2002). Helping people with PTSD deal with flashbacks. Nursing Times, 98(5), 40. Retrieved
January 20, 2016 from http://www.nursingtimes.net/helping-people-with-ptsd-deal-with-flashbacks/200380.fullarticle

National Center for PTSD. (2015). Sexual assault against females. Retrieved January 18, 2016,
from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/PTSD-overview/women/sexual-assault-females.asp

10 Positive Ways of Dealing with PTSD

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, Fifth edition (DSM-5). Washington, D.C: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Effects of Domestic Violence. (2015). Retrieved January 18, 2016, from http://www.joyfulheartfoundation.org/learn/domestic-violence/effects-domestic-violence

Giarratano, L. (2004). Clinical skills for managing acute psychological trauma: Effective early Interventions for treating acute stress disorder. Mascot, NSW, Australia: Talomin Books.

Joseph, S. (2002). Helping people with PTSD deal with flashbacks. Nursing Times, 98(5), 40. Retrieved
January 20, 2016 from http://www.nursingtimes.net/helping-people-with-ptsd-deal-with-flashbacks/200380.fullarticle

Sutton, A.L. (2011). Stress-related disorder sourcebook. Detroit: Omnigraphics, Inc.

APA Reference
(2018, October 23). References to PTSD, HealthyPlace. Retrieved on 2019, July 20 from https://www.healthyplace.com/ptsd-and-stress-disorders/ptsd/references-to-ptsd

Last Updated: October 23, 2018

Medically reviewed by Harry Croft, MD

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