Fostering Independence in Your Child with Mental Illness
The parenting questions I've been wrestling with recently are how much independence to allow my son with mental illness and how do I foster independence for him. Should I be a "helicopter mom" or a "free-range parent"? Sadly, I don't have a pilot's license, and my children aren't livestock, so I have no idea. I can tell you, though, that the question of independence is an entirely different one for my daughter who doesn't have a mental illness than it is for my son who does (Siblings of Children with Mental Illness). How do I foster independence in my child with mental illness?
Fostering Independence on Your Mentally Ill Child's Timetable
I was watching my son's team on the soccer field recently, realizing how big he and his friends are now. One of his friends even biked there on his own from a few miles away. I would never let my son bike to the field on his own. I rarely let him stay home alone even though he legally can. I don't allow certain video games, especially if they involve multi-players online. Yet I recognize how all of these things may be appropriate for his friends.
In fact, by age 10, I expect my daughter to be capable of these things, too. She can regulate her emotions. She has appropriate impulse control for her age and isn't distracted. She enjoys responsibility. My son's attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) means his impulse control is non-existent. He's easily distracted. He needs external motivation to do things he doesn't like. He can't control his moods once something triggers them. It's how his brain functions, and I have to parent to that brain's abilities, not to everyone else's expectations.
Helicopter Parenting Doesn't Foster Independence for a Child with Mental Illness
I once had my children run ahead of me to the school bus stop. My then five-year-old daughter ran straight up the block and climbed into the bus. My son immediately veered off in the opposite direction and ran laps around a random house. This delighted a younger boy nearby, who started doing the same thing, much to the dismay of that kid's mom who started yelling at my son. (By the way, one of the most anger-inducing and mortifying things to happen to a parent of a child with mental illness is to have another parent try to control that child in front of us. Don't do it. If what you're doing actually worked, we'd be doing it ourselves.)
While many of his peers can probably get to school independently in the mornings, I simply can't trust that my son will. He hates school. Combine that with the lack of executive functioning that comes with ADHD, and you have a recipe for a national news report about the neglectful parent who let her special needs child go missing.
Fostering Independence in a Mentally Ill Child During Transitions
The debate around fostering independence has deepened for me now that my son is almost done with elementary school. I decided to read up on how people manage the transition to middle school for children with disabilities. It was depressing. Articles declared parents needed to tour multiple schools, choose their child's class schedule for him based on how close the classrooms are to each other, go to school and practice walking to class and opening combination locks and arrange for friends to sign off on his daily planner.
Who suggests this level of hand-holding when we all remember the horrors of middle school? My child already has enough problems without being ostracized because his mommy hovers over him. Yet, I can see why these things could be helpful if I want him to succeed. So do I hand-hold my child or let him potentially crash and burn? What's normal independence for a kid who, for lack of better words, isn't normal?
I'll let you know if I ever find out.
David, M. (2017, July 10). Fostering Independence in Your Child with Mental Illness, HealthyPlace. Retrieved on 2019, June 25 from https://www.healthyplace.com/blogs/parentingchildwithmentalillness/2017/07/fostering-independence-in-your-child-with-mental-illness