Diabetes and the Mental Health Connection
A complete guide to diabetes and mental health. Learn about the connection between schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression and diabetes. A must read.
Diabetes is on the rise in the United States as a direct result of poor dietary choices and sedentary lifestyles. The Centers for Disease Control estimates that one in three people born in the year 2000 and one in two minorities will develop diabetes in their lifetime.
There are currently 23.6 million people in the United States with diagnosed diabetes and 57 million people have pre-diabetes, the stage right before a type 2 diabetes diagnosis. This is not good news and unfortunately, the news gets worse when a person has a psychiatric disorder. People with chronic psychiatric disorders typically eat poorly, exercise rarely, smoke more, have a lower income and tend to be overweight. (Does this sound familiar?) This automatically puts this specialized population at a higher risk for diabetes due to lifestyle choices that are often the result of an illness rather than a personal choice. But the primary reason those with psychiatric disorders are vulnerable to the disease is the use of certain antipsychotics that lead to the weight gain associated with diabetes.
The goal of this article is for every reader to finish with a clear understanding of:
- diabetes basics
- the role depression plays in a diabetes diagnosis
- how antipsychotics affect the body
- ways to prevent diabetes
and finally and most importantly, a thorough understanding of the term metabolic syndrome as it is the true link between diabetes and psychiatric disorders.
About This Article
The term psychiatric disorders is used throughout the article to indicate depression, bipolar disorder, schizoaffective disorder and schizophrenia as these diagnoses come with a higher risk of diabetes due to antipsychotic medication use and symptoms that impair self-care. Those with other diagnoses such as anxiety or personality disorders will find the information helpful as well.
Basic information and statistics throughout this section come from the Centers for Disease Control and the American Diabetes Association. The article also includes expert opinions and research from leading diabetes and mental health practitioners who all have interesting and sometimes differing opinions on how diabetes and psychiatric disorders are connected, but their information points in the same direction: the risk of diabetes is rising at an alarming rate in the mental health community and immediate change is needed.
Last Updated: 10 March 2016
Reviewed by Harry Croft, MD