The Possible Link Between PTSD and Diabetes
Enormous and consistent stress on a body will always be evidenced in maladies. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) cause many physical changes that frequently create medical issues. In my own PTSD experience, I developed significant digestive, immune, bone, hair and liver problems. Now, new research suggests PTSD might also cause type 2 diabetes.
New Study Suggests PTSD and Diabetes Are Linked
According to CBS News, women with PTSD seem more likely to develop type 2 diabetes (higher than normal blood sugar) with the tendency doubling in the presence of severe PTSD. The announcement, published in the January issue of JAMA Psychiatry, adds to the already existing research linking PTSD to increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
The study, co-authored by Karestan Koenen, professor of epidemiology at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health in New York City, tracked 49,739 female nurses (ages 24 to 42) from 1989 to 2008 and followed weight, smoking, exposure to trauma, PTSD symptoms and type 2 diabetes. According to Koenen, researchers found that more than 3,000 (6%) of the nurses developed type 2 diabetes, which is linked to being overweight and sedentary.
While the results don't directly attribute the diabetes to the presence of PTSD, Koenen notes that those with the most PTSD symptoms were almost twice as likely to develop diabetes and that PTSD symptoms were present before the diabetes occurred. She says, "it may be that something about PTSD changes women's biology and increases risk."
How to Protect Yourself from Diabetes if You Have PTSD
While age and family history can play into the development of diabetes and aren't under your control, four key factors are:
Weight: This is the single most important predictor of type 2 diabetes. In fact, being overweight makes you 20-40 times more likely to develop diabetes. Losing excess weight is a simple way to immediately reduce your susceptibility.
Diet: A low-sugar, low-fat, high-fiber diet that helps your body maintain the proper balance of sugar in your blood allows your body to achieve a healthy homoestasis.
Exercise: According to Harvard School of Public Health:
Working your muscles more often and making them work harder improves their ability to use insulin and absorb glucose. This puts less stress on your insulin-making cells.
Long bouts of hot, sweaty exercise aren’t necessary to reap this benefit. Findings from the Nurses’ Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study suggest that walking briskly for a half hour every day reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 30 percent. More recently, The Black Women’s Health Study reported similar diabetes-prevention benefits for brisk walking of more than 5 hours per week. This amount of exercise has a variety of other benefits as well. And even greater cardiovascular and other advantages can be attained by more, and more intense, exercise.
Smoking: In a word, quit while you're ahead. Smokers (and especially heavy smokers) are about 50% more likely to develop diabetes than nonsmokers.
Your body wants to help and support you. Given the stress of PTSD symptoms with which it struggles it's already compromised in how much other stress it can tolerate, absorb and defend. While you're working toward PTSD recovery you can help your body (and also give your healing a boost) by taking steps toward healthy lifestyle choices and actions to prevent any further (avoidable) long-term damages.
Rosenthal, M. (2015, January 15). The Possible Link Between PTSD and Diabetes, HealthyPlace. Retrieved on 2019, June 17 from https://www.healthyplace.com/blogs/traumaptsdblog/2015/01/the-possible-link-between-ptsd-and-diabetes