Diabetes Information Overview

Definition of diabetes, types of diabetes, impact of diabetes, populations at risk for diabetes covered here.

What Is Diabetes?

  • a disorder of metabolism—the way the body uses or converts food for energy and growth

What Are the Main Types of Diabetes?

What Is the Impact of Diabetes?

  • It affects 23.6 million people—7.8 percent of the U.S. population.
  • It is a leading cause of death and disability.
  • It costs $174 billion per year.

Who Gets Diabetes?

  • people of any age
  • people with a family history of diabetes
  • others at high risk for type 2 diabetes: older people, overweight and sedentary people, African Americans, Alaska Natives, American Indians, Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, some Pacific Islander Americans, and Hispanics/Latinos


  • National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, NIH Publication No. 09-3873 (November 2008)


next: Type 2 Diabetes: Risk Factors, Symptoms, Prevention ~ back to: Browse all Diabetes Information Articles

Last Updated: 03 March 2016

Reviewed by Harry Croft, MD

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