Bipolar Medication List
A list of bipolar medications typically includes a list of mood stabilizers and an antipsychotic medications list. Mood stabilizers, including anticonvulsants, and mostly atypical antipsychotics are the medications most often used in the treatment of bipolar disorder.
Antipsychotic Medications List
Antipsychotics were initially used in the treatment of psychosis associated with schizophrenia. Over time, it was noticed that antipsychotics were useful in the treatment of bipolar disorder also, whether psychosis was present or not. The following is a medication list of antipsychotics used in the treatment of bipolar disorder:
- Aripiprazole –considered a third generation antipsychotic. Approved for bipolar mania, mixed state and maintenance treatment.
- Asenapine – newly-approved (mid-2009). Approved to treat bipolar mania and mixed states.
- Chlorpromazine – the only first-generation antipsychotic FDA approved in the treatment of bipolar disorder. Used in the treatment of bipolar mania.
- Olanzapine – FDA-approved for bipolar mania, mixed state and maintenance treatment for those with bipolar 1, ages 13 and over.
- Quetiapine –approved for the treatment of bipolar depression and mania.
- Risperidone – approved for bipolar mania and mixed state treatment for those with bipolar 1, ages 10 and up.
- Ziprasidone – approved to treat bipolar manic and mixed episodes.
Detailed information on Antipsychotic Medications for Bipolar Disorder
List of Mood Stabilizers
Mood stabilizers are medications that moderate the manic highs and the depressed lows of bipolar disorder. The following list contains mood stabilizers used in the treatment of bipolar disorder:
- Lithium – the only true mood stabilizer. Other medications may be termed "mood stabilizers" but lithium is the only drug technically of that class. Lithium is FDA approved for use in bipolar mania and bipolar maintenance treatment although it is frequently used to treat bipolar depression, often in combination with other medications. Lithium has substantial antisuicidal properties.
- Carbamazepine – often an effective for those who do not respond to lithium and has been shown to effectively treat rapid-cycling bipolar disorder. It is approved for use in manic and mixed bipolar episodes but it often used in the maintenance phase of treatment.
- Valproate (also valproic acid, divalproex sodium) – approved for bipolar mania treatment. Valproate has been shown effective in treating rapid-cycling bipolar disorder as well as aggressive or behavioral disorders and is often used in combination with other medications.
- Lamotrigine – approved in the maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder but also appears to be the most effective anticonvulsant mood stabilizer for treating bipolar depression.
- Oxcarbazepine – sometimes used off label as a bipolar disorder mood stabilizer
- Topiramate – sometimes used off label as a bipolar disorder mood stabilizer
- Gabapentin – sometimes used off label as a bipolar disorder mood stabilizer
Detailed information on Mood Stabilizers for Bipolar Disorder
Comprehensive information on Bipolar Disorder Medications