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References for Abuse Articles

Child Abuse Information

What is Child Abuse? Child Abuse Definition

1Administration for Children and Families, Child Maltreatment 2010:
http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/pubs/cm10/cm10.pdf

2Administration for Children and Families, What is Child Abuse and Neglect: http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/whatiscan.cfm

3Center for Early Education and Development, What's the Difference Between Discipline and Punishment?
http://www.cehd.umn.edu/CEED/publications/questionsaboutkids/disciplineenglish.pdf

Laws on Child Abuse

1Administration for Children and Families, What is Child Abuse and Neglect:
http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/whatiscan.cfm

2USA Today, Mandatory Abuse-Report Laws:
http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/story/2012-01-02/unreported-child-abuse/51981108/1

3Wikipedia, Child Sexual Abuse Laws in the United States:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Child_sexual_abuse_laws_in_the_United_States

How to Report Child Abuse

1USA Today, Mandatory Abuse-Report Laws:
http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/story/2012-01-02/unreported-child-abuse/51981108/1

2Administration for Children and Families, Penalties for Failure to Report and False Reporting of Child Abuse and Neglect: Summary of State Laws: http://www.childwelfare.gov/systemwide/laws_policies/statutes/report.cfm

3Administration for Children and Families, How to Report Suspected Child Maltreatment:
http://www.childwelfare.gov/responding/how.cfm

4Administration for Children and Families, Mandatory Reporters of Child Abuse and Neglect: Summary of State Laws: http://www.childwelfare.gov/systemwide/laws_policies/statutes/manda.cfm

5Administration for Children and Families, Child Maltreatment 2010: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/pubs/cm10/cm10.pdf

Child Abuse Prevention. How to Stop Child Abuse

1Sue Gerhardt, Why Love Matters : How Affection Shapes a Baby's Brain:
http://library.childwelfare.gov/cwig/ws/library/docs/gateway/Record?rpp=10&upp=0&m=1&w=+NATIVE%28%27recno%3D55113%27%29&r=1

2Administration for Children and Families, Nurturing and Attachment:
http://www.childwelfare.gov/can/factors/nurture_attach.cfm

3Administration for Children and Families, Knowledge of Parenting and of Child and Youth Development:
http://www.childwelfare.gov/can/factors/knowledge.cfm

4Administration for Children and Families, Parental Resiliance http://www.childwelfare.gov/can/factors/resilience.cfm

5Administration for Children and Families, Social Connections: http://www.childwelfare.gov/can/factors/social_connect.cfm

6Administration for Children and Families, Concrete Support for Parents:
http://www.childwelfare.gov/can/factors/concrete_supports.cfm

7Administration for Children and Families, Child Maltreatment Prevention: Past, Present, and Future:
http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/issue_briefs/cm_prevention.pdf

8Prevent Child Abuse America, Ten Ways to Help Prevent Child Abuse:
http://www.preventchildabuse.org/publications/All_of_Us/downloads/ten_ways_to_prevent.pdf

Child Abuse Help: How to Help an Abused Child

1Administration for Children and Families, Child Maltreatment 2010: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/pubs/cm10/cm10.pdf

2Canadian Resource Centers for Victims of Crime, Child Abuse, How to Help Victims:
http://www.crcvc.ca/docs/child_abuse.pdf

Child Abuse Statistics and Facts

  • Administration for Children and Families, Child Maltreatment 2010:
    http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/pubs/cm10/cm10.pdf#page=129

What is Child Neglect?

1Administration for Children and Families, Child Maltreatment 2010: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/pubs/cm10/cm10.pdf
2Administration for Children and Families, What is Child Abuse and Neglect: http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/whatiscan.cfm

Signs of Child Neglect and How to Report Child Neglect

1Administration for Children and Families, Recognizing Child Abuse and Neglect: Signs and Symptoms:
http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/signs.cfm

2Child Abuse Prevention Website, Possible Indicators of Neglect:
http://www.safekidsbc.ca/neglect.htm

Child Physical Abuse

What is Child Physical Abuse? Physical Abuse of Children

  • Child Abuse - Physical - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Child Abuse - Physical - NY Times Health Information. (n.d.). Health News - The New York Times. Retrieved April 27, 2012, from
    http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/child-abuse-physical/overview.html
  • Child Physical Abuse. (n.d.). American Humane Association | Home. Retrieved April 27, 2012, from
    http://www.americanhumane.org/children/stop-child-abuse/fact-sheets/child-physical-abuse.html
  • Child abuse - physical - PubMed Health. (n.d.). National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved April 27, 2012, from
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002519/

Signs of Child Physical Abuse

  • Child Physical Abuse. (n.d.). American Humane Association | Home. Retrieved April 27, 2012, from
    http://www.americanhumane.org/children/stop-child-abuse/fact-sheets/child-physical-abuse.html
  • Inarritu, J. (n.d.). Horrible: Child abuse | Unbounded Medicine. Unbounded Medicine | Medicine as it must be, unlimited. Retrieved April 27, 2012, from http://www.unboundedmedicine.com/2005/10/27/horrible-child-abuse/
  • Recognizing Child Abuse and Neglect: Signs and Symptoms. (n.d.). Child Welfare Information Gateway. Retrieved April 27, 2012, from
    http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/signs.cfm

Effects of Child Physical Abuse

  • Child Abuse - The Hidden Bruises | American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. (n.d.). American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Retrieved April 28, 2012, from
    http://aacap.org/page.ww?name=Child+Abuse+-+The+Hidden+Bruises§ion=Facts+for+Families
  • Immediate Effects of Child Abuse | Childhelp. (n.d.). Prevention and Treatment of Child Abuse | Childhelp. Retrieved April 28, 2012, from
    http://www.childhelp.org/pages/immediate-effects-of-child-abuse
  • •Long-Term Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect. (n.d.). Child Welfare Information Gateway. Retrieved April 28, 2012, from
    http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/long_term_consequences.cfm

Healing from Child Physical Abuse

  • Child Abuse - The Hidden Bruises | American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. (n.d.). American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Retrieved April 30, 2012, from
    http://aacap.org/page.ww?name=Child+Abuse+-+The+Hidden+Bruises§ion=Facts+for+Families
  • Child abuse - physical: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. (n.d.). National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health. Retrieved April 30, 2012, from
    http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001552.htm
  • Stages of Recovery for Child Abuse. (n.d.). HALT. Retrieved April 30, 2012, from
    www.haltnow.ca/abuse/child-abuse/186-stages-of-recovery-for-child-abuse-.html

Physically Abused Children: Who Would Hurt A Child?

  • Chapter Five: What Factors Contribute to Child Abuse and Neglect?. (n.d.). Child Welfare Information Gateway. Retrieved May 1, 2012, from
    http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/usermanuals/foundation/foundatione.cfm
  • Jasmer, Â. R. (n.d.). Medical News: Physical Child Abuse Sends Thousands to Hospitals - in Pediatrics, Domestic Violence from MedPage Today. Medical News and Free CME from MedPage Today. Retrieved May 1, 2012, from
    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pediatrics/DomesticViolence/31022

Child Psychological Abuse

What is Psychological Abuse of a Child?

Sources:

  • Administration for Children and Families
  • National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information
  • National Institutes of Health, National Library of Medicine
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect

 Effects of Psychological Abuse on Children's Mental Health and Emotional Well-being

Sources:

  • Administration for Children and Families
  • National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information
  • National Institutes of Health, National Library of Medicine
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect

Treatment for Psychological Abuse of Child

Sources:

  • Administration for Children and Families
  • National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information
  • Dunning, Lisa MA, MFT, Psychological Effects of Child Abuse
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect

Child Sexual Abuse

What is Child Sexual Abuse?

1Administration for Children and Families – Child Welfare Information Gateway, Definitions, Scope and Effects of Child Abuse: http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/usermanuals/sexabuse/sexabuseb.cfm

2United States Department of Veteran Affairs, Child Sexual Abuse: http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/child-sexual-abuse.asp

Warning Signs of Child Sexual Abuse

1MedlinePlus, Child Abuse – Sexual: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007224.htm

2Canadian Center for Child Protection, Child Sexual Abuse – It Is Your Business:
http://www.protectchildren.ca/pdfs/itsyourbusiness_en.pdf

How to Report Child Sexual Abuse

1Canadian Center for Child Protection, Child Sexual Abuse – It Is Your Business: http://www.protectchildren.ca/pdfs/itsyourbusiness_en.pdf

Treatment of Child Sexual Abuse. Sexual Abuse Recovery

1Jim Hopper Ph. D., Child Abuse – Statistics, Research, and Resources:
http://www.jimhopper.com/abstats/#help

Victims of Sexual Abuse: Do They Ever Get Over It?

1Administration for Children and Families – Child Welfare Information Gateway, Treatment of Child Sexual Abuse: http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/usermanuals/sexabuse/sexabusef.cfm

2Safe Horizon, After Sexual Assault:
http://www.safehorizon.org/images/uploads/misc/1272296041_After_Sexual_Assault_Bklt.pdf

Sexual Abuse Help: Where to Find It

1Health Canada, Child Sexual Abuse: http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/H72-22-2-1997E.pdf

Effects of Child Sexual Abuse on Children

1Canadian Center for Child Protection, Child Sexual Abuse – It Is Your Business:  http://www.protectchildren.ca/pdfs/itsyourbusiness_en.pdf

I Was Molested As a Child – Child Actors, Celebrities Speak Out

1DailyTop10, Top 10 Celebrities Who Suffered Child Abuse: http://www.dailytop10.net/top-10-celebrities-who-suffered-child-abuse/

2Hollywood Life, Ashley Judd: I Was Sexually Abused Repeatedly As a Child and Almost Killed Myself:
http://www.hollywoodlife.com/2011/04/05/ashley-judd-sexually-abused-as-child-book-all-that-is-bitter-and-sweet/?v02

3MSNBC Today, 'Housewives' star Hatcher reveals sex abuse:
http://today.msnbc.msn.com/id/11717426/ns/today-entertainment/t/housewives-star-hatcher-reveals-sex-abuse/#.T6BanzVVGuI

4ABC News, Mo'Nique, Gabriel Byrne Shine Light on Sex Abuse:
http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/monique-gabriel-byrne-celebrities-speak-out-sex-abuse/story?id=9615958#.T6BdHTVVGuI

How to Protect Your Children from Child Predators

1Canadian Center for Child Protection, Child Sexual Abuse – It Is Your Business:
http://www.protectchildren.ca/pdfs/itsyourbusiness_en.pdf

Why Are Children Sexually Abused?

1Administration for Children and Families, Child Information Gateway, Treatment of Child Sexual Abuse:
http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/usermanuals/sexabuse/sexabusef.cfm

Sexual Abusers - Who are These Child Abusers?

1Department of Veteran Affairs, National Center for PTSD, Child Sexual Abuse:
http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/child-sexual-abuse.asp

2The National Clearinghouse on Family Violence, Child Sexual Abuse:
http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/H72-22-2-1997E.pdf

3The National Center for the Victims of Crime, Child Sexual Abuse:
http://www.ncvc.org/ncvc/main.aspx?dbName=DocumentViewer&DocumentID=32315#9

4Medscape Reference, Child Sexual Abuse: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/915841

Child Sexual Abuse Statistics

1Canadian Center for Child Protection, Child Sexual Abuse – It's Your Business:
http://www.protectchildren.ca/pdfs/itsyourbusiness_en.pdf

2ChildHelp, Child Sexual Abuse Statistics:
http://www.childhelp.org/pages/statistics

3The National Center for the Victims of Crime, Child Sexual Abuse:
http://www.ncvc.org/ncvc/main.aspx?dbName=DocumentViewer&DocumentID=32315#9

4Administration for Children and Families, Child Welfare Information Gateway, Definitions, Scope and Effects of Child Sexual Abuse: http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/usermanuals/sexabuse/sexabuseb.cfm

5The National Clearinghouse on Family Violence, Child Sexual Abuse:
http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/H72-22-2-1997E.pdf

6Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for PTSD, Child Sexual Abuse:
http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/child-sexual-abuse.asp

Bullies

Why Children Get Bullied and Rejected

Source: Livescience

The Impact of Bullying

1. Egan, S.K. and Perry, D.G. (1998). Does low self-regard invite victimization? Developmental Psychology, 34, 299-309.

2. Hodges, E.V.E. and Perry, D.G. (1999). Personal and interpersonal antecedents and consequences of victimization by peers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76, 677-685.

3. Rigby, K. (2001). Health consequences of bullying and its prevention in schools. In J. Juvonen and S. Graham, eds. Peer Harassment in School: The Plight of the Vulnerable and Victimized. New York, New York: Guilford Press.

4. Olweus D. (1994). Bullying at school: long-term outcomes for the victims and an effective school-based intervention program. In: L.R. Huesmann, ed. Aggressive Behavior: Current Perspectives. New York, New York: Plenum Press, 97-130.

5. Hoover, J.H., Oliver, R., and Hazler, R.J. (1992). Bullying: Perceptions of adolescent victims in Midwestern USA. School Psychology International, 13, 5-16.

6. Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at School: What We Know and What We Can Do. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, Inc., 43-44.

7. Salmivalli, C. (2001). Group view on victimization: Empirical findings and their implications. In J. Juvonen and S. Graham, eds. Peer Harassment in School: The Plight of the Vulnerable and Victimized. New York, New York: Guilford Press.

8. Nansel, T.R., Overpeck, M., Pilla, R.S., Ruan, W.J., Simons-Morton, B., and Scheidt, P. (2001). Bullying behaviors among U.S. youth: Prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustment. Journal of the American Medical Association, 285(16), 2094-2100.

What To Do If You Are Being Bullied

Source: The National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center

How to Help Your Child Stop Bullying

Sources: Kidshealth, The National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center

Adult Abuse Issues

Abuse Information

What is Abuse?

1The Free Dictionary, Abuse:
http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/abuse

2MedscapeReference, Domestic Violence:
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/805546

3Administration for Children and Families, Child Maltreatment 2010:
http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/pubs/cm10/cm10.pdf

Types of Abuse: What are the Different Forms of Abuse?

1Changing Ways, Types of Abuse:
http://www.changingways.on.ca/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=98&Itemid=75

Adult Physical Abuse

What is Physical Abuse?

1New York State Office of Children and Family Services, Definitions of Adult Abuse:
http://www.ocfs.state.ny.us/main/psa/adultabuse.asp

2Woman Abuse and the PEI Justice System Research Team, Fact Sheets: Physical Abuse:
http://fvps.ca/womanabuseresearch/factsheet5.pdf

Signs of Physical Abuse, Physically Abused Adults

1Medscape Reference, Domestic Violence: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/805546

2Mayo Clinic, Domestic Violence Against Women: Recognize Patterns, Seek Help:
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/domestic-violence/WO00044

Effects of Physical Abuse, Pictures of Physical Abuse

1An Abuse, Rape and Domestic Violence Aid and Resource Collection, Long Term Effects of Domestic Violence:
http://www.aardvarc.org/dv/effects.shtml

2Medscape Reference, Domestic Violence: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/805546

3Woman Abuse and the PEI Justice System Research Team, Fact Sheets: Physical Abuse:
http://fvps.ca/womanabuseresearch/factsheet5.pdf

Women Abuse: Why Some Men Abuse Women

1Harvard University Gazette, Why Do Men Abuse Women? http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/1996/05.02/WhyDoMenAbuseWo.html

2MedscapeReference, Domestic Violence: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/805546

Physical and Emotional Abuse Usually Travel Together

1HelpGuide.org, Domestic Abuse and Violence:
http://helpguide.org/mental/domestic_violence_abuse_types_signs_causes_effects.htm

Facts and Statistics on Physical Abuse

1MedscapeReference, Domestic Violence: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/805546

Psychological Emotional Abuse

Psychological Abuse: Definition, Signs and Symptoms

1Administration for Children and Families, What is Child Abuse and Neglect:
http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/whatiscan.cfm

2Vancouver Coastal Health, About Adult Abuse and Neglect: http://www.vchreact.ca/read_psychological.htm

3Verbal Abuse in Relationships Blog, Examples of Verbal Abuse:
http://www.healthyplace.com/blogs/verbalabuseinrelationships/2011/09/examples-of-verbal-abuse

Psychologically Abusive Relationships: Are You in One?

1Psychology Today, Emotional Abuse Violates Civil Rights:
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/anger-in-the-age-entitlement/201002/emotional-abuse-violates-civil-rights

2Verbal Abuse in Relationships Blog, Examples of Verbal Abuse:
http://www.healthyplace.com/blogs/verbalabuseinrelationships/2011/09/examples-of-verbal-abuse

Emotional and Mental Abuse in Children and Adults

1Administration for Children and Families, What is Child Abuse and Neglect:
http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/whatiscan.cfm

2HelpGuide.org, Child Abuse and Neglect: http://helpguide.org/mental/child_abuse_physical_emotional_sexual_neglect.htm

3HealthGuide.org, Domestic Violence and Abuse:
http://helpguide.org/mental/domestic_violence_abuse_types_signs_causes_effects.htm

Emotional Abuse: Definitions, Signs, Symptoms, Examples

1Vancouver Coastal Health, About Adult Abuse and Neglect: http://www.vchreact.ca/read_psychological.htm

2HelpGuide.org, Domestic Violence and Abuse:
http://helpguide.org/mental/domestic_violence_abuse_types_signs_causes_effects.htm

Emotional Abuse Test: Am I Emotionally Abused?

  • Emotional abuse test adapted from Domestic Abuse and Violence by HealthGuide.org.
    http://helpguide.org/mental/domestic_violence_abuse_types_signs_causes_effects.htm

Emotional Abuse of Men: Men Victims of Emotional Abuse Too

1Oregon Counselling, About Domestic Violence Against Men: http://www.oregoncounseling.org/Handouts/DomesticViolenceMen.htm

21in3.com, Frequently Asked Questions: http://www.oneinthree.com.au/faqs/

Dynamics of Emotional Abuse in Relationships, Marriage

1HelpGuide.org, Domestic Violence and Abuse:
http://helpguide.org/mental/domestic_violence_abuse_types_signs_causes_effects.htm

Emotionally Abusive Men and Women: Who Are They?

1There is Life After Abuse, Characteristics of Abusers/Abuse and Causes: http://www.thereislifeafterabuse.com/Page8.html

2Medscape Reference, Personality Disorders: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/294307-overview

Emotional Bullying and How to Deal with an Emotional Bully

1Pioneer Thinking, I'm Rubber and You're Glue: Handling Emotional Bullies: http://www.pioneerthinking.com/ej_rubber.html

2A Shrink for Men, 10 Signs Your Girlfriend or Wife is an Emotional Bully:
http://shrink4men.wordpress.com/2009/01/30/10-signs-your-girlfriend-or-wife-is-an-emotional-bully/

Effects of Emotional Abuse on Adults

1Thisiswar.com, Emotional Abuse: http://www.thisisawar.com/AbuseEmotional.htm

2A Shrink for Men, 10 Signs Your Girlfriend or Wife is an Emotional Bully:
http://shrink4men.wordpress.com/2009/01/30/10-signs-your-girlfriend-or-wife-is-an-emotional-bully/

Dealing with Emotional Abuse: How to Stop Emotional Abuse

1Pioneer Thinking, I'm Rubber and You're Glue: Handling Emotional Bullies: http://www.pioneerthinking.com/ej_rubber.html

2Thisiswar.com, Emotional Abuse: http://www.thisisawar.com/AbuseEmotional.htm

Emotional Abuse Help, Support and Recovery

1Counselling Abuse Directory, Emotional Abuse: http://www.counselling-directory.org.uk/mental.html

Emotional Abuse Treatment and Therapy

1Psychology Today, Emotional Abuse: Why Your Individual Therapy Didn't Help and Your Partner's Made it Worse:
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/anger-in-the-age-entitlement/200905/emotional-abuse-why-your-individual-therapy-didnt-help-and-

2GoodTherapy.org, Emotional Abuse: http://www.goodtherapy.org/therapy-for-emotional-abuse.html

Gaslighting Definition, Techniques and Being Gaslighted

1Helium, Gaslighting: The extremes of emotional abuse:
http://www.helium.com/items/110746-gaslighting-the-extremes-of-emotional-abuse

2Psychology Today, Are You Being Gaslighted?
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/power-in-relationships/200905/are-you-being-gaslighted

The Silent Treatment: Are You Getting the Cold Shoulder?

1Anger Management Resource, The Silent Treatment – It Might Hurt Worse Than Anger:
http://www.angermanagementresource.com/silent-treatment.html

2Life and Therapy, Dealing with the Silent Treatment: http://elyntromey.com/therapyblog/?p=78

Teenage Dating Violence Content

Teenage Dating Violence: Signs, Examples of Dating Violence

1The Alabama Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Dating Violence: http://www.acadv.org/dating.html

2Teen Dating Violence Awareness Month, Dating Violence 101: http://www.teendvmonth.org/dating-violence-101

3VetoViolence, Dating Matters: Understanding Teen Dating Violence Prevention

Teenage Dating Abuse: How to Deal with It

1VetoViolence, Dating Matters: Understanding Teen Dating Violence Prevention

2Love is respect .org, Should We Break Up?: http://www.loveisrespect.org/get-help/should-we-break-up

Domestic Violence

Physically Abused? Where to Get Help for Physical Abuse

  • Domestic Violence. (n.d.). Healthyminds. Retrieved May 21, 2012, fro
    http://healthyminds.org/Main-Topic/Domestic-Violence.aspx
  • Register-Guard, l. T. (n.d.). Domestic Violence legal definition of Domestic Violence. Domestic Violence synonyms by the Free Online Law Dictionary. Legal Dictionary. Retrieved May 21, 2012, from
    http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Domestic+Violence

Domestic Violence Laws and Charges of Domestic Abuse

  • Common Legal Terms. (n.d.). Family Violence Law Center | A Future Without Domestic Violence. Retrieved May 21, 2012, from
    http://fvlc.org/learn/know-the-law/common-legal-terms/
  • The Federal Domestic Violence Laws and the Enforcement of These Laws - MINCAVA Electronic Clearinghouse. (n.d.). MINCAVA Electronic Clearinghouse. Retrieved May 21, 2012, from
    http://www.mincava.umn.edu/documents/ffc/chapter5/chapter5.html#id678899
  • USDOJ: Office on Violence Against Women. (n.d.). USDOJ: Office on Violence Against Women. Retrieved May 21, 2012, from
    http://www.ovw.usdoj.gov/

Types of Domestic Violence, Domestic Abuse

  • Domestic Violence - Types of Domestic Abuse : Crime Victims Services - Arizona Department of Public Safety. (n.d.). Arizona Department of Public Safety (DPS), Arizona Highway Patrol - State of Arizona. Retrieved May 21, 2012, from
    http://www.azdps.gov/Services/Crime_Victims/domestic/types/
  • Types of Abuse - The Four Types of Domestic Abuse. (n.d.). Crime and Punishment Home Page. Retrieved May 21, 2012, from
    http://crime.about.com/od/v_domviolence/a/abuse_types.htm

Signs of Domestic Violence, Domestic Abuse

  • Domestic Violence and Abuse: Signs of Abuse and Abusive Relationships. (n.d.). Helpguide. Retrieved May 22, 2012, from
    http://www.helpguide.org/mental/domestic_violence_abuse_types_signs_causes_effects.htm
  • Domestic Violence-Signs of Domestic Violence. (n.d.). WebMD. Retrieved May 22, 2012, from
    http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/tc/domestic-violence-signs-of-domestic-violence

Causes of Domestic Violence, Domestic Abuse

  • Domestic Violence and Abuse: Types, Signs, Symptoms, Causes, and Effects. (n.d.). American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress. Retrieved May 23, 2012, from
    http://www.aaets.org/article144.htm
  • Hobbs, B. (n.d.). Examining Causes of Domestic Violence . The Connection Newspapers. Retrieved May 22, 2012, from
    http://www.connectionnewspapers.com/news/2012/mar/09/examining-causes-domestic-violence/
  • The Future of Children -. (n.d.). Princeton University - Welcome. Retrieved May 23, 2012, from
    http://www.princeton.edu/futureofchildren/publications/journals/article/index.xml?journalid=47&articleid=228§ionid=1495

Victims of Domestic Violence, Domestic Abuse and Why They Stay?

  • Domestic Violence-Why Victims Stay. (n.d.). WebMD. Retrieved May 24, 2012, from
    http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/tc/domestic-violence-why-victims-stay
  • Domestic Violence: Reasons Why Battered Victims Stay With the Batterers - official website of THE LOS ANGELES POLICE DEPARTMENT. (n.d.). official website of THE LOS ANGELES POLICE DEPARTMENT. Retrieved May 23, 2012, from
    http://www.lapdonline.org/get_informed/content_basic_view/8877

Effects of Domestic Violence, Domestic Abuse (On women and Children)

  • The National Center for Victims of Crime - Library/Document Viewer . (n.d.). The National Center for Victims of Crime - Home . Retrieved May 31, 2012, from
    http://www.ncvc.org/ncvc/main.aspx?dbName=DocumentViewer&DocumentID=32347
  • Children of Domestic Violence: Risks and Remedies - National CASA - CASA for Children . (n.d.). National CASA - Court Appointed Special Advocate Association - CASA for Children: Advocating for Abused and Neglected Children. Retrieved May 31, 2012, from
    http://www.casaforchildren.org/site/c.mtJSJ7MPIsE/b.5525199/k.BE36/Children_of_Domestic_Violence_Risks_and_Remedies.htm
  • Children and Domestic Violence: A Bulletin for Professionals . (n.d.). Child Welfare Information Gateway. Retrieved May 31, 2012, from
    http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/domesticviolence.cfm
  • Domestic Violence and Abuse: Types, Signs, Symptoms, Causes, and Effects. (n.d.). American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress. Retrieved May 31, 2012, from
    http://www.aaets.org/article144.htm

How to Report Domestic Violence, Domestic Abuse and Hotlines

  • Contact the Hotline - National Domestic Violence Hotline. (n.d.). National Domestic Violence Hotline. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from
    http://www.thehotline.org/get-help/contact-the-hotline/
  • Help for Abused & Battered Women: Domestic Violence Shelters & Support. (n.d.). Helpguide helps you help yourself to better mental and emotional health. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from
    http://www.helpguide.org/mental/domestic_violence_abuse_help_treatment_prevention.htm
  • National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. (n.d.). National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from http://www.ncadv.org

Domestic Abuse Help: Domestic Violence Support, Shelters, Groups

  • Contact the Hotline - National Domestic Violence Hotline. (n.d.). National Domestic Violence Hotline. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from
    http://www.thehotline.org/get-help/contact-the-hotline/
  • Domestic Violence Meetup Groups - Domestic Violence Meetups. (n.d.). Domestic Violence Meetup Groups - Domestic Violence Meetups. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from
    http://domesviolence.meetup.com/
  • Domestic Violence Support Groups | SafeHouse Center - Domestic Violence Services. (n.d.). | SafeHouse Center - Domestic Violence Services. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from
    http://www.safehousecenter.org/find-help-support/domestic-violence-support-groups/
  • Help for Abused & Battered Women: Domestic Violence Shelters & Support. (n.d.). Helpguide. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from
    http://www.helpguide.org/mental/domestic_violence_abuse_help_treatment_prevention.htm
  • Safe Horizon :: Domestic Violence & Abuse. (n.d.). Safe Horizon : Moving victims of violence from crisis to confidence. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from
    http://www.safehorizon.org/index/what-we-do-2/domestic-violence--abuse-53.html#domestic_violence_shelters

Domestic Violence Safety Plan: How to Create, Implement One

  • Help for Abused & Battered Women: Domestic Violence Shelters & Support. (n.d.). Helpguide. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from
    http://www.helpguide.org/mental/domestic_violence_abuse_help_treatment_prevention.htm
  • National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. (n.d.). National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from
    http://www.ncadv.org/protectyourself/MyPersonalSafetyPlan.php
  • Safety Planning « National Domestic Violence Hotline. (n.d.). National Domestic Violence Hotline. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from
    http://www.thehotline.org/get-help/safety-planning/
  • Women Against Abuse: Get Help: Planning for Safety. (n.d.). Women Against Abuse: Home. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from
    http://www.womenagainstabuse.org/index.php/get-help/planning-for-safety/

Cycle of Violence and Abuse and How to Break the Cycle of Abuse

  • Domestic Violence Against Women: Recognize the patterns, seek help. (n.d.). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from
    www.mayoclinic.com/health/domestic-violence/WO00044
  • Domestic Violence and Abuse: Signs of Abuse and Abusive Relationships. (n.d.). Helpguide. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from
    http://www.helpguide.org/mental/domestic_violence_abuse_types_signs_causes_effects.htm
  • What is Dating Violence? | Break the Cycle. (n.d.). Break the Cycle | Empowering Youth to End Dating Violence. Retrieved June 1, 2012, from http://www.breakthecycle.org/dating-violence-101

Domestic Abusers: Perpetrators of Domestic Violence

  • ACADV Abusers: Why Do Abusers Batter? (ACADV). (n.d.). ACADV - Alabama Coalition Against Domestic Violence Home Page. Retrieved June 3, 2012, from
    http://www.acadv.org/abusers.html
  • T, B. (n.d.). Domestic Abuse -- Why They Do It. Alcoholism - The Alcoholism Home Page. Retrieved June 3, 2012, from
    http://alcoholism.about.com/cs/abuse/a/990407.htm
  • Who Are The Abusers - Domestic Violence. (n.d.). Introduction - Domestic Violence. Retrieved June 2, 2012, from
    http://www.domesticviolence.org/who-are-the-abusers/

Domestic Violence Against Men: Males Victims of Domestic Abuse

  •  ASSAULTS BY WOMEN ON THEIR MALE PARTNERS. (n.d.). California State University, Long Beach. Retrieved June 3, 2012, from
    http://www.csulb.edu/~mfiebert/assaultsbib.html
  • Category. (n.d.). Male Victims of Domestic Abuse. Divorce Support and Advice: Divorce Laws, Child Support, Custody, Divorce Lawyers. Retrieved June 3, 2012, from http://divorcesupport.about.com/od/abusiverelationships/a/male_abuse.htm
  • Domestic Abuse Helpline for Men & Women - About the Domestic Abuse Helpline. (n.d.). Domestic Abuse Helpline for Men & Women . Retrieved June 3, 2012, from
    http://dahmw.org/about-us

Domestic Violence, Domestic Abuse Counseling

  • Help in Your Area - National Domestic Violence Hotline. (n.d.). National Domestic Violence Hotline. Retrieved June 3, 2012, from
    http://www.thehotline.org/get-help/help-in-your-area/
  • Morris Therapy | Morris Domestic Violence | IL | Institute for Personal Development |. (n.d.). Morris Therapy | Morris Depression | Joliet, IL Depression | Ottawa, IL ADD/ADHD. Retrieved June 3, 2012, from
    http://www.ipd.md/domestic-violence/
  • National Network to End Domestic Violence | National Network to End Domestic Violence. (n.d.). National Network to End Domestic Violence | National Network to End Domestic Violence. Retrieved June 3, 2012, from
    http://www.nnedv.org/
  • Recent Trends in Treating Domestic Violence Offenders | PsychologyDegreeGuide.org. (n.d.). Psychology Degree Guide | Search 6000+ Psychology Degree Programs. Retrieved June 3, 2012, from
    http://psychologydegreeguide.org/treating-domestic-violence/

Sexual Assault

What is Sexual Assault?

  • The National Center for Victims of Crime - Library/Document Viewer. (n.d.). The National Center for Victims of Crime - Home. Retrieved June 21, 2012, from
    http://www.ncvc.org/ncvc/main.aspx?dbName=DocumentViewer&DocumentID=32369
  • Sexual assault fact sheet | womenshealth.gov. (n.d.). womenshealth.gov . Retrieved June 19, 2012, from
    http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/sexual-assault.cfm
  • USDOJ: Office on Violence Against Women: Crimes of Focus: Sexual Assault. (n.d.). USDOJ: Office on Violence Against Women. Retrieved June 19, 2012, from
    http://www.ovw.usdoj.gov/sexassault.htm#sa

Sexually Assaulted? Reporting Sexual Assault

  • Garcia, S., M.A.., Henderson, M., & M.P.A.. (n.d.). FBI â€" Options for Reporting Sexual Violence. FBI Homepage. Retrieved June 19, 2012, from
    http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/law-enforcement-bulletin/May-2010/options-for-reporting-sexual-violence
  • Hu, M., Newcomer, E., & Underwood, A. (n.d.). Victims Stay Silent on Sexual Assault | News | The Harvard Crimson. Harvard News | The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved June 19, 2012, from
    http://www.thecrimson.com/article/2010/4/30/cases-sexual-assault-ad/
  • National Sexual Assault Hotline - 1.800.656.HOPE | RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network. (n.d.). RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network | RAINN: The nation's largest anti-sexual assault organization.One of America's 100 Best Charities" Worth magazine. Retrieved June 19, 2012, from
    http://www.rainn.org/get-help/national-sexual-assault-hotline
  • Reporting Sexual Assault - UI Department of Public Safety - The University of Iowa. (n.d.). Home - UI Department of Public Safety - The University of Iowa. Retrieved June 19, 2012, from
    http://police.uiowa.edu/be-proactive/reporting-sexual-assault/
  • Speaking Out and Reporting Rape | California Women's Law Center. (n.d.). California Women's Law Center | Pursuing Justice for Women and Girls. Retrieved June 19, 2012, from
    http://www.cwlc.org/resources/rape-resource-page/speaking-reporting-rape

Effect of Sexual Assault on Women Sexual Assault Victims

  • Women's Sexual Assault Centre | Impact of Sexual Violence. (n.d.). Women's Sexual Assault Centre | Home. Retrieved June 19, 2012, from
    http://vwsac.com/impact-of-sv.html
  • CDC - National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) - Funded Programs - Violence Prevention - Injury. (n.d.). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved June 19, 2012, from
    http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/NISVS/index.html
  • CDC - National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) - Funded Programs - Violence Prevention - Injury. (n.d.). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved June 19, 2012, from
    http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/NISVS/index.html
  • RABIN, R. C. (n.d.). Nearly 1 in 5 Women in U.S. Survey Report Sexual Assault - NYTimes.com. The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. Retrieved June 19, 2012, from
    http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/15/health/nearly-1-in-5-women-in-us-survey-report-sexual-assault.html

Sexual Assault Support: Why You Need It, Where to Find It

  • National Sexual Assault Hotline - 1.800.656.HOPE | RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network. (n.d.). RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network | RAINN: The nation's largest anti-sexual assault organization.One of America's 100 Best Charities" Worth magazine. Retrieved June 20, 2012, from
    http://www.rainn.org/get-help/national-sexual-assault-hotline
  • USDOJ: Office on Violence Against Women. (n.d.). USDOJ: Office on Violence Against Women. Retrieved June 20, 2012, from
    http://www.ovw.usdoj.gov/

Sexual Assault Treatment: Therapy for Trauma Healing

  • Cognitive Processing Therapy for Sexual Assault. (n.d.). Welcome to the Medical University of South Carolina. Retrieved June 22, 2012, from
    http://www.musc.edu/vawprevention/research/savictims.shtml
  • Patient information: Care after sexual assault (Beyond the Basics). (n.d.). UpToDate Inc.. Retrieved June 22, 2012, from
    http://www.uptodate.com/contents/care-after-sexual-assault-beyond-the-basics
  • Therapy. (n.d.). Sexual Assault Center. Retrieved June 20, 2012, from http://www.sexualassaultcenter.com/web_pages/therapy.htm

Rape

 What is Rape? Was I Raped?

1Rape, Incest and Abuse National Network, Was I Raped?: http://www.rainn.org/get-information/types-of-sexual-assault/was-it-rape

Rape Law: What Are the Laws Against Rape?

1Haverford.edu, U. S. C. Title 18 – Crimes and Criminal Procedure, Part I – Crimes, Chapter 109A – Sexual Abuse : http://www.students.haverford.edu/masar/documents/USRapeLaws.pdf

Types of Rape: The Different Forms of Rape

1United States Department of Health and Human Services, Summary of Current State Laws: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/08/sr/statelaws/summary.shtml

2Rape, Incest and Abuse National Network, Types of Sexual Violence: http://www.rainn.org/get-information/types-of-sexual-assault

What is Statuary Rape? Statutory Rape Definition and Laws

  • Statutory Rape Laws by State. Connecticut General Assembly. Retrieved June 21, 2012, from
    http://www.cga.ct.gov/2003/olrdata/jud/rpt/2003-r-0376.htm
  • FBI Changes its Definition of Rape | RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network. (n.d.). RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network | RAINN: The nation's largest anti-sexual assault organization. One of America's 100 Best Charities" â€"Worth magazine. Retrieved June 22, 2012, from
    http://www.rainn.org/news-room/fbi-changes-rape-definition
  • Statutory Rape: A Guide to State Laws and Reporting Requirements: Summary of Current State Laws. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, HHS. Retrieved June 21, 2012, from
    http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/08/sr/statelaws/summary.shtml

What is Date Rape, Acquaintance Rape?

  • Rape and Date Rape. (n.d.). Women's Health Center: Information on Women's Wellness, Nutrition, Fitness, Intimate Questions, and Weight Loss. Retrieved June 21, 2012, from
    http://women.webmd.com/sexual-health-rape-date-rape
  • Rape and date rape | GirlsHealth.gov. (n.d.). Health Information for Girls | GirlsHealth.gov. Retrieved June 21, 2012, from
    http://www.girlshealth.gov/safety/saferelationships/daterape.cfm
  • about date rape. (n.d.). about date rape. Retrieved June 21, 2012, from http://www.aboutdaterape.nsw.gov.au/whatis/who_commits.html

Date Rape Drugs: Types and How Date Rape Drugs Work

  • Ambien (zolpidem) Information from Drugs.com. (n.d.). Drugs.com | Prescription Drug Information, Interactions & Side Effects. Retrieved June 22, 2012, from http://www.drugs.com/ambien.html
  • Category. (n.d.). Date Rape Drugs - What are they and how can you protect yourself?. Teen Advice - Advice and Community For Teens. Retrieved June 22, 2012, from http://teenadvice.about.com/library/weekly/aa062502a.htm
  • Date Rape Drugs and Alcohol. (n.d.). Kansas State University. Retrieved June 22, 2012, from http://www.k-state.edu/counseling/student/date_rape_drugs.htm

Date Rape Victims and the Effect of Date Rape

  • The psychological adjustment of the rape victim. (n.d.). Welcome to South Eastern Centre Against Sexual Assault. Retrieved June 23, 2012, from http://www.secasa.com.au/sections/for-students/the-psychological-adjustment-of-the-rape-victim/
  • UIC Campus Advocacy Network. (n.d.). University of Illinois at Chicago - UIC. Retrieved June 23, 2012, from http://www.uic.edu/depts/owa/sa_emotional.html

Martial Rape, Spousal Rape

1Rape, Incest and Abuse National Network, Partner Rape: http://www.rainn.org/get-information/types-of-sexual-assault/partner-rape

Reporting Rape: What to Do If You Are Raped?

1Rape, Incest and Abuse National Network What Should I Do? http://www.rainn.org/get-information/legal-information/what-should-i-do

Rape Recovery: How Do I Get Over Being Raped?

1Seattle Institute for Sex Therapy and Research, Recovering from Rape: Healing Your Sexuality: http://www.sextx.com/rape.html

2Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network, Self-Care for Survivors: http://www.rainn.org/get-information/sexual-assault-recovery/self-care-for-survivors

Rape Therapy: A Treatment for Rape Victims

1Clinical Psychology Review, Rape Treatment Outcome Research: Empirical Findings and the State of Literature: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2773678/?tool=pubmed

2Medical University of South Carolina, Practice Guidelines: Rape and Sexual Assault: http://www.musc.edu/vawprevention/advocacy/rape.shtml

How to Support a Rape Victim – For Men and Women

1Rape, Incest and Abuse National Network, Help a Love One: http://www.rainn.org/get-help/help-a-loved-one

2Seattle Institute for Sex Therapy, Education, and Research, Recovering from Rape: Healing Your Sexuality: http://www.sextx.com/rape.html

Effects of Rape: Psychological and Physical Effects of Rape

  • Effects of Sexual Assault | RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network. (n.d.). RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network | RAINN: The nation's largest anti-sexual assault organization. One of America's 100 Best Charities Worth magazine. Retrieved June 27, 2012, from http://www.rainn.org/get-information/effects-of-sexual-assault
  • Emotional Effects | Adult Sexual Assault Survivors | Support and Counseling | DC Rape Crisis Center. (n.d.). DC Rape Crisis Center. Retrieved June 27, 2012, from http://www.dcrcc.org/support_counseling/adult_sexual_assault_survivors/C120/emotional_effects/
  • UIC Campus Advocacy Network. (n.d.). University of Illinois at Chicago - UIC. Retrieved June 27, 2012, from http://www.uic.edu/depts/owa/sa_emotional.html

Rape Survivors: A Badge of Courage or A Living Hell

  • Dealer, J. C. (n.d.). Beyond Rape: Rape Victims & Survivor Stories with The Plain Dealer - cleveland.com . Cleveland OH Local News, Breaking News, Sports & Weather - cleveland.com. Retrieved June 27, 2012, from http://www.cleveland.com/beyondrape/
  • Rape & Sexual Abuse Survivor Message Board, Support Forums & Chat Room. (n.d.). Rape & Sexual Abuse Survivor Message Board, Support Forums & Chat Room. Retrieved June 27, 2012, from http://www.aftersilence.org/
  • State Resources | RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network. (n.d.). RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network | RAINN: The nation's largest anti-sexual assault organization. One of America's 100 Best Charities Worth magazine. Retrieved June 27, 2012, from http://www.rainn.org/get-help/local-counseling-centers/state-sexual-assault-resources

Getting Raped: The Stigma of Being A Rape Victim

  • News. (n.d.). Covering Crime and Justice -- Journalism Ethics: Columnist Writes of Daughter's Rape. Institute for Justice and Journalism. Retrieved June 27, 2012, from http://www.justicejournalism.org/crimeguide/chapter06/sidebars/chap06_xside1.html
  • Quinn, R. (n.d.). Stigma of rape | The Post and Courier | Charleston SC, News, Sports, Entertainment. The Post and Courier | Charleston SC, News, Sports, Entertainment. Retrieved June 27, 2012, from http://www.postandcourier.com/article/20110722/ARCHIVES/307229901
  • Rivett, B. (n.d.). Challenging the stigma of rape | Women's Views on News. Women's Views on News. Retrieved June 27, 2012, from http://www.womensviewsonnews.org/2012/05/challenging-the-stigma-of-rape/

Women Raping Women: Is the Impact Different?

  • Rape (sexual assault) - overview: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. (n.d.). National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health. Retrieved June 27, 2012, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001955.htm
  • Violence and Abuse - Woman-Woman Rape - Our Bodies Ourselves. (n.d.). Information on Women's Health & Sexuality - Our Bodies Ourselves. Retrieved June 27, 2012, from http://www.ourbodiesourselves.org/book/companion.asp?id=8&compID=95
  • What about same sex rape and sexual assault?. (n.d.). Cabrillo College. Retrieved June 12, 1927, from https://www.cabrillo.edu/services/health/pdfs/Add%20back%20to%20Website%202010/Same%20sex%20rape%20and%20assault.pdf

Rape Prevention: How to Prevent Rape

  • Rape prevention: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. (n.d.). National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health. Retrieved June 28, 2012, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007461.htm
  • Ways to Reduce your Risk of Sexual Assault | RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network. (n.d.). RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network | RAINN: The nation's largest anti-sexual assault organization.One of America's 100 Best Charities Worth magazine. Retrieved June 28, 2012, from http://www.rainn.org/get-information/sexual-assault-prevention

Fear of Rape: Rape Phobia

  • Gordon, M. T., & Riger, S. (1989). The female fear. New York: Free Press ;.
  • Rape Phobia: Symptoms & Diagnosis. (n.d.). Fear of Public Speaking, Flying, Stage Fright, Phobias: Immediate Help. Retrieved June 29, 2012, from http://www.changethatsrightnow.com/rape-phobia/symptoms/
  • Rozee, P. (n.d.). Fear Of Rape. Greenwood Electronic Media. Retrieved June 29, 2012, from http://gem.greenwood.com/wse/wsePrint.jsp?id=id222
  • The Offenders | RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network. (n.d.). RAINN | Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network | RAINN: The nation's largest anti-sexual assault organization. "One of America's 100 Best Charities" Worth magazine. Retrieved June 29, 2012, from http://rainn.org/get-information/statistics/sexual-assault-offenders

Rape Fantasy: Does It Mean You Want to Be Raped?

  • Gumbiner, J., & Ph.D. (n.d.). Women's Rape Fantasies: How Common? What Do They Mean? | Psychology Today. Psychology Today: Health, Help, Happiness + Find a Therapist. Retrieved June 29, 2012, from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/all-about-sex/201001/womens-rape-fantasies-how-common-what-do-they-mean
  • Hutson, M. (n.d.). Why Do Women Have Erotic Rape Fantasies? | Psychology Today. Psychology Today: Health, Help, Happiness + Find a Therapist. Retrieved June 29, 2012, from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/psyched/200805/why-do-women-have-erotic-rape-fantasies
  • Stokes, D. (n.d.). Anatomy of a Rape Fantasy | Daily Gazette. Daily Gazette | Swarthmore College's daily student newspaper. Founded 1997. Retrieved June 29, 2012, from http://daily.swarthmore.edu/2008/11/06/why-do-women-fantasy-rape/

Do Women Enjoy Being Raped? Myths About Rape

Verbal Abuse

What is Verbal Abuse?

  • Evans, P. (1996). The verbally abusive relationship. (2 ed.). Holbrook: Adams Media Corporation.
  • What is emotional/verbal abuse?. (n.d.). loveisrespect.org. Retrieved July 12, 2012, from http://www.loveisrespect.org/is-this-abuse/types-of-abuse/what-is-emotional-verbal-abuse/

Verbal Abuse Signs and Symptoms Cause Emotional Pain

  • Brennan, W. (2003). Sounding off about verbal abuse. Occupational Health, 55(11), 22-26.
  • Evans, P. (2006). The verbally abusive man: Can he change?. (pp. 228-245). Avon, Massachusetts: Adams Media.

Verbal and Physical Abuse Often Go Hand-in-Hand

  • Evans, P. (1996). The verbally abusive relationship: How to recognize it and how to respond. Holbrook, Mass: Adams Media Corporation.
  • What is Domestic Violence?. (n.d.).National Domestic Violence Hotline. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from http://www.thehotline.org/get-educated/what-is-domestic-violence/

Effects of Verbal Abuse on Children, Women and Men
1Coker, A., Smith, P., Bethea, L., King, M., & McKeown, R. (2000). Physical health consequences of physical and psychological intimate partner violence. Archives of Family Medicine, 9(5), 451-457.
2Evans, P. (1996). The verbally abusive relationship. (2 ed.). Holbrook: Adams Media Corporation.
3Hines, D., & Malley-Morrison, K. (2001). Psychological effects of partner abuse against men: a neglected research area. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 2(2), 75-85. Retrieved July 23, 2012, from http://www.fact.on.ca/Info/dom/hines01.htm
4Reinert, D., & Edwards, C. (2009). Childhood physical and verbal mistreatment, psychological symptoms, and substance use: sex differences and the moderating role of attachment. Journal of Family Violence, 24, 589-596.
5Vissing, Y., Strauss, M., Gelles, R., & Harrop, J. (1991). Verbal aggression by parents and psychosocial problems of children. Child Abuse and Neglect, 15, 223-238.

Verbally Abusive Men and Women: Why Do They Abuse?
1Are You Abusing Others?. (n.d.).National Domestic Violence Hotline. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from http://www.thehotline.org/is-this-abuse/are-you-abusing-2/
2Bancroft, L. (2003). Why does he do that?: Inside the minds of angry and controlling men. New York: Berkley Books.
3Brown, S. L. (2005). How to spot a dangerous man before you get involved. Alameda, CA: Hunter House.
4De Becker, G. (1997). The gift of fear and other survival signals that protect us from violence. New York: Dell Publishing.
5Evans, P. (1996). The verbally abusive relationship: How to recognize it and how to respond. Holbrook, Mass: Adams Media Corporation.
6Why Do Abusers Batter?. (n.d.). ACADV - Alabama Coalition Against Domestic Violence. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from http://www.acadv.org/abusers.html

How to Deal with a Verbally Abusive Husband or Boyfriend
1Evans, P. (2006). The verbally abusive man--can he change?: a woman's guide to deciding whether to stay or go. Avon, Mass: Adams Media.
2Letellier, P. (1994). Gay and bisexual male domestic violence victimization: challenges to feminist theory and responses to violence. Violence and Victims, 9(29), 95-106.

Your Verbally Abusive Wife, What Can You Do?
1Evans, P. (2006). The verbally abusive man--can he change?: a woman's guide to deciding whether to stay or go. Avon, Mass: Adams Media.
2Hines D, Brown J, Dunning E. Characteristics of callers to the domestic abuse helpline for men. Journal Of Family Violence [serial online]. February 2007;22(2):63-72. Available from: Academic Search Complete, Ipswich, MA. Accessed July 27, 2012.
3Letellier, P. (1994). Gay and bisexual male domestic violence victimization: challenges to feminist theory and responses to violence. Violence and Victims, 9(29), 95-106.
4Saunders, PhD, D. (2007). Child custody and visitation decisions in domestic violence cases: legal trends, risk factors, and safety concerns. National Resource on Violence Against Women, NA. Retrieved July 20, 2012, from http://www.verbalabusejournals.com/pdf/research/AR_CustodyRevised.pdf

Self-Injury

Why Pro Self Injury, Pro Self Harm Websites Are Dangerous

  • Frevele, J. (n.d.). Tumblr Bans Self-Harm, Pro-Ana Sites | The Mary Sue. The Mary Sue - A Guide To Girl Geek Culture. Retrieved July 24, 2012, from http://www.themarysue.com/tumblr-bans-self-harm-pro-ana-sites/
  • Gregoire, C. (2012, June 7). The Hunger Blogs: A Secret World of Teenage 'Thinspiration'. Huff Post Teen. Retrieved July 24, 2012, from www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/08/thinspiration-blogs_n_1264459.html

Self Injury, Self Harm Statistics and Facts

  • Cutting Statistics and Self-Injury Treatment - Teen Health. (n.d.). Teen Help - Advice for Parents and Teens. Retrieved July 24, 2012, from http://www.teenhelp.com/teen-health/cutting-stats-treatment.html
  • Cutting: Self Injury Facts and Statistics. (n.d.). Scott Counseling. Retrieved July 24, 2012, from www.scottcounseling.com/wordpress/cutting-self-injury-facts-statistics/2009/02/06/
  • NIMH · Pilot Study Will Test New Treatment to Reduce Self-Harm in Borderline Personality Disorder. (n.d.). NIMH · Home. Retrieved July 24, 2012, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/science-news/2008/pilot-study-will-test-new-treatment-to-reduce-self-harm-in-borderline-personality-disorder.shtml
  • To Write Love on Her Arms > Facts. (n.d.). To Write Love on Her Arms > Home. Retrieved July 24, 2012, from http://www.twloha.com/facts/

Self Injury Stories, Self Harm Stories

  • Self-Harm: Real Stories: ReachOut.com USA. (n.d.). ReachOut.com USA for teens: Information and help about mental health issues such as being bullied, low self esteem, committing suicide and cutting yourself. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://us.reachout.com/real-stories/self-harm
  • 13, a. (n.d.). Self-Injury: One Family's Story. WebMD - Better information. Better health.. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/features/self-injury-one-familys-story
  • Schorn, D. (n.d.). Teen Shares Self-Injury Secret - CBS News. Breaking News Headlines: Business, Entertainment & World News - CBS News. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://www.cbsnews.com/2100-500195_162-1685800.html

Movies About Self Injury, Self Harm

  • CUT: Teens and Self Injury - A Documentary. (n.d.). CUT: Teens and Self Injury - A Documentary. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://www.cutthemovie.com/
  • Lifetime Movies. (n.d.). Welcome to The Road To Anaphe... The Healing Journey Begins Here!. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://www.anaphe.org/Lifetime_Movies.html#33
  • Perfection the Movie. (n.d.). Perfection the Movie. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://perfectionthemovie.wordpress.com/

Self Harm: Pictures, Photos, Images of Self Mutilation

  • Cutting and Self-Harm: Self-Injury Help, Support, and Treatment. (n.d.). Helpguide helps you help yourself to better mental and emotional health. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://www.helpguide.org/mental/self_injury.htm
  • Psyke.org - Self Injury Information and Support. (n.d.). Psyke.org - Self Injury Information and Support. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://www.psyke.org/warning.html
  • Shocking Anorexia Pictures | Anorexia Pictures & Photos. (n.d.). Anorexia Pictures & Photos | Anorexia nervosa pictures, anorexia photos, pictures of people with anorexia. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://anorexiapictures.net/?q=node/8
  • Shocking X-rays: Troubled teens' embedded objects Pictures - CBS News. (n.d.). Breaking News Headlines: Business, Entertainment & World News - CBS News. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://www.cbsnews.com/2300-204_162-10007744.html?tag=mncol;lst;1
  • Smith, S. T. (n.d.). Do Men Self-Injure? | Psychology Today. Psychology Today: Health, Help, Happiness + Find a Therapist. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-deviance-society/201109/do-men-self-injure
  • Stormme, R. (n.d.). Why do People Cut Themselves? Is Self-Harming Addictive?. Rehana Stormme on HubPages. Retrieved July 25, 2012, from http://rehanastormme.hubpages.com/hub/Teenage-Cutting-Why-do-People-Cut-Themselves

Self Injury, Self Harm Quotes Provide Insight

  • Category. (n.d.). All | Quotes | Media & Popular Culture | self-injury.net. self-injury.net | support community for self-injurers. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from http://self-injury.net/media/quotes/quote
  • Quotes About Self Injury (10 quotes). (n.d.). Share Book Recommendations With Your Friends, Join Book Clubs, Answer Trivia. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from http://www.goodreads.com/quotes/tag/self-injury?auto_login_attempted=true
  • Self Harm Quotes*. (n.d.). XxDailyDreamxX. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from http://xxdailydreamxx.tripod.com/id16.html
  • Self Injury quotes. (n.d.). Nelson Board Riders. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from http://www.nelsonboardriders.com/vandal/siquotes.htm

Celebrities Who Self Harm: Famous Self Injurers

  • Cutting & Self-Harm: The Stigma & The Aftermath www.galadarling.com. (n.d.). www.galadarling.com. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from http://galadarling.com/article/self-harm
  • Hughes, S. A. (n.d.). Demi Lovato talks about ongoing battle with eating disorder, self-harm on special ‘Stay Strong’ (video) - Celebritology 2.0 - The Washington Post. Washington Post: Breaking News, World, US, DC News & Analysis. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/celebritology/post/demi-lovato-talks-about-ongoing-battle-with-eating-disorder-self-harm-on-special-stay-strong-video/2012/03/07/gIQAzAFJxR_blog.html
  • Rutter, C. (n.d.). Miley Cyrus Sparks Concern Over 'Self-Harm' Pictures - Celebrity Gossip, News & Photos, Movie Reviews, Competitions - Entertainmentwise. Celebrity Gossip, News & Photos, Movie Reviews, Competitions - Entertainmentwise. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from http://www.entertainmentwise.com/news/76861/Miley-Cyrus-Sparks-Concern-Over-Self-Harm-Pictures
  • Series, C. B. (n.d.). Famous Self-Injurers | self-injury.net. self-injury.net | support community for self-injurers. Retrieved July 26, 2012, from http://self-injury.net/media/famous-self-injurers

What is Self-Injury, Self-Harm, Self-Mutilation?
1Psyke.org, Healing the Hurt Within: http://www.psyke.org/bookstore/nonfiction/healing/
2Helpguide.org, Cutting and Self-Harm: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/self_injury.htm

 Causes of Self-Injury, Self-Harm, Self-Mutilation
1Cornell Research Program on Self-Injurious Behavior in Adolescents and Young Adults, What do we know about self-injury? http://www.crpsib.com/whatissi.asp

Why I Self-Harm: Why People Self-Injure
1Selfharm.co.uk, Disclosure: Sharing Stories of Self-Harm: http://www.selfharm.co.uk/get/facts/disclosure-sharing-stories-of-self-harm/
2Reachout.com, Just keep going: http://us.reachout.com/real-stories/story/just-keep-going 

Self-Injury Help, Self-Mutilation Help and Support
1S.A.F.E. Alternatives, Journal Articles and Books: http://www.selfinjury.com/resources/journals/

Effects of Self-Harm, Self-Injury
1HelGuide.org, Cutting and Self-Harm: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/self_injury.htm
2Reach Out.com, Deliberate Self-Harm: http://us.reachout.com/facts/factsheet/deliberate-self-harm

 Self-Injury Treatment: What are the Treatments for Self-Harm?
1Cuttingandselfharm.com, Getting Help for Self-Harm, Cutting Treatment: http://www.cuttingandselfharm.com/How-is-Self-Harm-Treated.asp
2MentalHelp.net, Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Self-Injury
3S.A.F.E. Alternatives, S.A.F.E. Intensive®: http://www.selfinjury.com/treatments/intensive/

How to Stop Self-Harm, Self-Injury Behaviors
1Self-Injury.net, How to Stop Hurting Yourself: http://self-injury.net/print/18168
2Reach Out.com, Deliberate Self-Harm: http://us.reachout.com/facts/factsheet/deliberate-self-harm

Explaining Self-Harm Scars to Others
1Janis Whitlock, John Eckenrode, Daniel Silverman, Self-injurious Behaviors in a College Population: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/117/6/1939.long
2HelGuide.org, Cutting and Self-Harm: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/self_injury.htm

Self-Harm and Suicide: Can Self-Injury Lead to Suicide?
1Cornell Research Program on Self-Injurious Behavior in Adolescents and Young Adults, What do we know about self-injury? http://www.crpsib.com/whatissi.asp

Self-Harm in Adults: Self-Injury Not Limited to Teens
1Newwise – Menniger Clinic, Self-Injury not Limited to Teens: http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/533440
2National Institute for Clinical Excellence (2004), National Clinical Practice Guideline Number 16: Self-harm, The British Psychological Society, retrieved 2009-12-13

Self-Injury Cutting: Cutting Yourself to Relieve Emotional Pain
1Janis Whitlock, John Eckenrode, Daniel Silverman, Self-injurious Behaviors in a College Population: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/117/6/1939.long
2Cornell Research Program on Self-Injurious Behavior in Adolescents and Young Adults, What do we know about self-injury? http://www.crpsib.com/whatissi.asp

I Cut Myself: The Shame and Secrecy of Self-Harm
1Pubmed – The British Journal of Clinical Psychology / the British Psychological Society, Self-harm in a mixed clinical population: the roles of self-criticism, shame, and social rank: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20109278
2Self-Injury.net, Frequently Asked Questions: http://self-injury.net/information-recovery/frequently-asked-questions#shame

Cutting Help and Treatment
1S.A.F.E. Alternatives®, S.A.F.E. Intensive®: http://www.selfinjury.com/treatments/intensive/

back to: all articles on abuse issues

Last Updated: 14 January 2014
Reviewed by Harry Croft, MD

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