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Symptoms of Domestic Abuse and Depression Are the Same

Domestic abuse and depression share many symptoms. It's difficult to unwrap symptoms of depression from those of domestic abuse. Do these symptoms sound familiar?

Domestic abuse and depression share many symptoms. A long time ago, I told my doctor how I felt and he instantly diagnosed me with depression. Unfortunately, way back then, I don’t think I had depression yet. I think the symptoms of domestic abuse were my problem. Unfortunately, the doctor didn’t ask about domestic abuse, just depression. Maybe now, 20 years later, doctors do ask about domestic abuse and depression during the same visit.

I believe my diagnosis of depression was both a God-send and a curse. On the good side, the diagnosis opened up helpful treatments like medications and counseling. The medicines helped, but I didn’t attend counseling. My ex-husband does not “believe in therapy,” and I wanted on his good side as much as possible. Maybe the truth of both the domestic abuse and depression would have come out in therapy.

So the curse of the diagnosis was that it hid the domestic abuse, even from me. And doubly unfortunately, receiving the diagnosis caused me to believe that maybe my abusive ex-husband had been right all along. Maybe I was the cause of all our marital problems.

Domestic Abuse and Depression Symptoms Compared

Blogging for Mental Health 2012The symptoms for both depression and domestic abuse are eerily similar. Following are several symptoms of depression (D) and then my interpretation as symptoms of domestic abuse.

  • difficulty concentrating (D) coincides with the abuser’s use of repeated interruptions during conversations and when the victim tries to do something for anyone other than the controller.
  • difficulty remembering details (D) coincides with the abuser’s continual remaking of history and insistence that their memories are correct and the victim’s are wrong.
  • difficulty making decisions (D) coincides with the abuse victim’s knowledge that nothing they do will be “right” so decision-making becomes tough and anxiety provoking.
  • fatigue and decreased energy (D) coincides with the unending stress caused by living with an abusive person.
  • feelings of guilt, worthlessness, and/or helplessness (D) are also ideas a controlling person reinforces in the victim so control is easier to maintain.
  • feelings of hopelessness and/or pessimism (D) are the resulting feelings an abuse victim undergoes due to the abuser’s control of them.
  • insomnia, early-morning wakefulness, or excessive sleeping (D) are also signs of stress abuse victims experience.
  • irritability, restlessness (D) can evolve after sleep disruption, anxiety, and other symptoms of domestic abuse.
  • loss of interest in activities or hobbies once pleasurable, including sex (D) are usually present in abuse victims because the controller limits their pleasurable activities, and sex with an abusive person is not “fun”.
  • overeating or appetite loss (D) along with substance abuse or addictions of any kind can become coping mechanisms used by victims.
  • persistent aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems that do not ease with treatment (D) are physical symptoms of anxiety and stress stress caused by abusive relationships.
  • persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” feelings (D) are hallmark signs that a victim feels “with no reason” since the abusive partner denies those feelings should exist in the victim because they “have it so good.”
  • thoughts of suicide, suicide attempts (D) also plague many victims of domestic abuse who are ever-increasingly hopeless as to find a solution to their relationship problems and may hear their abuser say “We’d be better off without you. You’re a terrible mother!” or similar statements.

I believe the abuse I suffered at home triggered my depression. The domestic abuse would have happened because of who I married. But maybe the depression didn’t have to happen. I probably would have been diagnosed earlier if I didn’t go along with my husband’s idea that the only thing wrong with me was that I was a spoiled brat.

Treating Depression and Domestic Abuse

Getting out of an abusive relationship was the best way to treat its symptoms.  When I lived with someone who exhibited disordered behaviors (abused me), I was destined to fall into his unreal world defined by his control and my confusion. No one can live with the dis-ease abuse causes without developing a disease for his or herself.

To treat depression, I’ve opted for anti-depressants and therapy when I could get it. I didn’t make therapy a priority; I wish I had. I’ve visited a few therapists at different times, and I’ve been on and off anti-depressants for many years. I thought that I shouldn’t need the medication to be normal, but every time I stopped the meds, I fell into depression. I felt that having this mood disorder was something to hide – a shameful secret that I could overcome if I were stronger, smarter, or a better person (feelings reinforced my my ex-husband who scornfully called my medications “happy pills”).

Now I realize that depression and its symptoms are not my fault. Depression is my brain’s misguided chemical reaction within the unique confines of my genetics and environment. Try as I might, I can’t control what my brain chemicals do (or neglect to do), but I can work with my brain to ease the pain of depression.

Domestic abuse and depression wove a tight knot around my thinking. My abuser’s disdain for my “imaginary disease” and refusal to talk about it helped cement the stigma of depression in my thoughts. Now, without the domestic abuse, I feel I can heal from depression like I never would have if I’d stayed in my abusive marriage.

Although I’ve been on my own for two years, I continue to struggle with depression. I had hoped that the depression would disappear with the abuse, but it seems here to stay. With medication and by taking care of my body, I can ease my depression symptoms. Neither the symptoms of depression nor the symptoms of abuse are enough to keep me down.

You can also find Kellie Jo Holly on her website, Google+, Facebook and Twitter.

Author: Kellie Jo Holly

Kellie Jo Holly advocates for domestic violence and abuse awareness through her writing. You can find Kellie Jo on her website, Amazon Authors, Google+, Facebook and Twitter.

41 thoughts on “Symptoms of Domestic Abuse and Depression Are the Same”

  1. I have been in an abusive relationship with a passive aggressive man. It became very clear to me in January. I have tried very hard, setting limits and boundaries, and also working towards reconciliation. Tonight hit me so very hard as all I have ever wanted is to be the best mother I can. I had to hospitalize myself after husband lost health insurance, job, didn’t replace income or insurance, and the hospital actually got us both on Medicaid. His responsibility. Not mine. I am forever carrying his responsibilities, not mine. I need a call to action- my nine year old son is showing signs of depression and trying to protect me. I am so stuck and lost. He is willing to seek therapy but I fear when, on what timeline will he put that off, and do I dare reunify with him if this abuse will continue, stay in place? So torn. So many factors I am not including. But do they matter? At the end of the day, he is abusive. And I know it. Humpty Dumpty had a great fall and I can’t put this family together again. My poor son. He is grieving so, with no answers. I feel that way too. But I am 47. He is 9. And has a chance of being scarred, but not broken.

  2. I’ve been in an emotionally abusive marriage for 29 years. In the past 5-6 months I finally became aware of what was going on. I’ve been treated for depression for several years. The thinking was that my depression came from the chronic physical pain I suffer. Since I started seeing a therapist and realized the truth of my situation, I now believe the depression is from the abuse, not my physical problems. I am still somewhat depressed at times, but overall, I am doing much better. Now I know what has been wrong in my life for so many years. I was in such despair for so many years and thought about suicide nearly every day. Now it’s only occasionally. My physical pain is somewhat less now that I know the truth. I am so angry at him for doing this to me. I am angry at myself for not realizing it was abuse. But, like a lot of people, I thought it had to be physical to be abuse. I’m so much more aware now. If i had only known years ago, my life would be so different now.
    I’m in the process of leaving my abuser. My biggest problem is lack of energy to get my stuff packed. My physical problems add to that issue, but truthfully, I am kind of lazy now. I was never that way years ago. I was a “go-getter” type woman who got things done. Now I procrastinate on many things. I wish I could find someone to help me get packed so I could move out. Hopefully, I can hire someone to help me. I need a person to help me clean & pack my stuff. It needs to be over several days or a few weeks because of my physical limitations. Any ideas on how I can find help with this?

  3. Wow! This is so relatable. I was in an abusive marriage and i felt all of this everyday. I was emotionally manipulated every single day. I was also sent out of the house, pushed down, choked. I stayed for 9 months in the hope that he would change. I was also getting help from a therapist who clearly called my state “situational depression”. The therapist said i very much needed a break and suggested i visit my family. Just when i was hoping he’d change he and his family threw hurtful words at me. He started telling ppl that i have paranoia and other disorders. That’s when i decided never to go back to him. Now am in no contact with him for 7 months and i only regret not leaving him earlier. My so called “depression” went away once i cut off my contact with him. Yes i still have my sad, hopeless days. But this is nothing compared to the hopelessness and depression i had when i was with him. Thankfully i have a very supportive family. They totally understand what i went through and they help me get through it.

  4. I had a love marriage.. yes in India arranged marriage is the traditional way of getting married. I did registered marriage with a guy before but I didn’t started living with him and eventually found he had incest relationship and I opted for mutual divorce. I did not hide anything from my present husband and he also had past relationships. I saw few red flags but ignored it because of my feelings for him n as already I told to my parents about my decision of marrying him and the relatives also came to know. Just after the 1st month of marriage he beaten me badly..I tried going to police but my parents didn’t let me.. they emotionally black-mailed me.. our society always blame the girl for the divorce. For last one year he beaten me quite a few time..verbally abuse me almost daily.he has taken all my saving and my parents have chosen him. So I am now alone. He splits on me. Calls me names. Torture me mentally every way possible. He even tells me to commit suicide almost every week. I regret everyday of being alive.

        1. Do you have any children? If not you need to pack your stuff and go to a shelter. If no one cares about you and your worth, you don’t owe them anything. You owe it to yourself to be happy and it will not happen if you don’t take action.

  5. Been in severe depression for some time. Recognised I am in emotionally abusive marriage but still coming to terms with accepting that as 90% of time my husband is fun and good with kids. The other 10% he is volatile/bad tempers. I am apparently dysfunctional and my family is dysfunctional. It is really hard to leave with 5 kids and cause I’m so run down I can barely think. How do people do it? I’m an accountant but run down to place of not being able to work and have been a really good mum in the past. Had a suicide attempt early February just knowing life ahead staying or leaving was both TOO hard. Any helpful tips from anyone??!!

  6. Im in an on and off again relationship with my childs father. We have 3 kids. The last time i left he choked me til i almost passed out. I havent been back. Its been 10 months since i have lived with him. He swears he has changed. Im scared to find out.. I been feeling so sad all the time. I dont have confidence anymore and feel so alone.. I dont know who i am anymore.

    1. He senses your vulnerability, Lucy. That’s probably why he’s after you. That and with 3 children that he’s paying child support for (I hope), getting back together with you would save him some money. Abused women who have been choked are 7 times more likely than other abused women to be murdered by the abuser.

      This man is not going to give you your confidence back. He’s not going to help you find yourself again – he made you hide from yourself in the first place. If you compare being lonely to being torn down every day, mentally and physically, which do you prefer?

      You’re 10 months clear of him. Stop sleeping with him, stop letting him inside your house. Don’t meet him except when he’s going to see the children. Sadness is normal during abuse recovery, but you should see your doctor – you could be depressed.

      Please Lucy. You’ve been remarkably strong so far. You aren’t alone. Don’t go back to him. Instead, visit http://thehotline.org and find some support groups in your area. Run toward support; run far away from him.

  7. I am so glad I have come upon this page. I have been in denial of being a victim of domestic/emotional abuse, which has turned into two episodes now of physical abuse.
    I do have some of my own personal issues, so I allowed my abuser to use that against me, convincing me that the problems in our relationship are all my fault. He does have a very giving, emotional, broken side that reaches out for help – but when he ‘flips the switch’, he become a raging monster of a bully that will often would not yell or scream, but would become frighteningly calm and describe ways he would like to hurt or even kill me. Other times he would yell and call me names, so bad that I can’t even type them here. Even our pitbulls cower in a corner with their heads down and tails hidden beneath them in fear while he would verbally attack me. It never failed though that shortly thereafter, as if scolding a child, he would come to me quietly and apologize and say that he would not have to be that way if I would only do what I was told and not defy him. I have desperately tried to help him because I know there is a good man with good intentions inside of him, because I did see that side of him more than the monster, and I have believed that if I stay and continue that someday he would just magically have some epiphany and change his ways. Today after he physically struck me and kicked me out of the house, I now realize that this is MUCH bigger than I am and that I cannot help him at all. When I left, I went to my mother’s where I am staying and blocked his calls and texts, even though he swore on his life he was NEVER going to contact me ever again. Sure enough, about 4 hours went by and he began his rant of messages through facebook messenger. Relentless of how everything is still all of my fault because I am a no good, stupid, most pathetic **** ***** on the planet. I simply messaged him back asking him not to message me any further and to let me get my dog because he beats her too and I am not there to protect her. Of course because she is something that I love, as he believes “more than him”, he will not allow me to come and get her. I now know that I need to seek abuse counseling to stop this rollercoaster he has me on because clearly I am not strong enough to handle this alone. I have every single symptom listed above, ALL of them. I am already seeking help but now I know that I need to open up about how abusive this relationship has really been and stop covering it up and hiding it from my doctors and family. I just want to thank the author for this post in helping me finally admit to myself that I am a victim and no longer have to be subjected to his cruel and heartless abuse any longer.

    1. Dear Amy, I am so happy you’ve had your moment of clarity. It’s wonderful that you’re going to fully open up to the people who really love you. Maybe one of them can go over there and get your dog.

      If you haven’t already, block him on Facebook and any other social media you use. Keep his emails, keep a record of his texts (for example, if he uses a friend’s phone to text you). Write them down with the date and time. If you go to court in the future for a restraining order, for the dog, or for whatever lies he makes up, the court can subpoena your records if they need to, so you don’t have to keep them on your phone after you record them.

      Counseling and support groups will help you a LOT. Remember that you’re already strong – you lasted all those years living in abuse AND you left his sorry butt. You’re as strong as we get. In an ideal world, the effects of abuse would disappear as soon as we left. As it is, we need help getting past the effects of the abuse, so get it.

      I am very happy for you and proud of you! I don’t even know you, but I know what you’ve been through, and what it took for you to leave. <3 You're awesome!

  8. My name is chey I am 24 and now a mother of three, I was abused since I was a child by my mother and by my children’s father. I am now not with my kids father but I struggle day by day with life threatening depression and identity crisis. I tell myself every day that I need to keep pushing for my kids but I sit with a fake smile plastered to the world but in inside I have no feeling I dread every hour that passes that I am still living with myself I feel as if I can’t breath… I wish at least my kids don’t have to struggle with the memories of the actions there father put me threw and how now they live there lives with a broken mother..

    1. Chey, you aren’t broken. The depression that threatens you is a consequence of the abuse, and by not living in the abuse, you are giving yourself room to heal. Depression isn’t causing nearly the amount of damage to your children as living in an abusive home would. You’re strong. You can keep going.

      There will be a day when you’ve got the depression under control and you know who you are beyond the shadow of a doubt. I know you feel guilty because depression amplifies any feeling of “I should have …” and turns it into undeserved guilt. And I know you ruminate on the past because depression plays a tape of memories in your head that is difficult to silence. But these thoughts and feelings are due to the depression. They’re not real. They’re the imaginings of an injured brain, nothing more.

      Hang in there with us, Chey. You can get that depression under control. You can feel better. Reach out for help from doctors and a therapist. Speak your truth to people you trust. Your children will come to understand your strength, and they will never consider you broken. You are their mom, and that’s enough.

  9. I suffered from depression my whole life, I the the madness was normal. I didn’t know any better until I was medicated. The verbal abuse that comes with depression is no reflection on who a person really is. If your spouse gets help and treatment for his depression and he is a totally different person then don’t refer to him as your abuser. He clearly was not in control, don’t let his depression ruin your marriage or your personal out look on him. Give him a break and learn to forgive

  10. Thanks for this post. I only recently realised that my relationship is abusive because it was always verbal and emotional (just like my father made me used to), never physical so I failed to accept it for what it was. The problem is also that I’m coping with bipolar disorder – and wherever you look all pages are about how the ill person can be/is abusive towards the person they are in relationship in the cases of mania or escalation. I have no anger issues, it’s mostly severe depression with hipomania that most people treat as my normal state (“Why can’t you always be like that”, “I miss normal you”, “You makde it all difficult because you don’t work on yourself enough”, “You’re too much to bear when you’re depressed” and so on). I must note that I go to therapy and I’m under psychiatrist’s supervision and I do try my best. But because I’m ill, I’ve become a scapegoat. Something in the relationshop goes wrong – it’s me and my illness to blame. My partner feels bad – again, it’s always the fault of me and my illness. I’m struggling with powerful guilt issues so I really have trouble coping with that. But when I look for help, there is always “oh, abuse in a relationship with a bipolar? Yeah, the loved ones of the ill ones are in so much danger! They are basically saints and those ill ones hurt them all the time, wheter unconsciously or on the contrary”. So at one point I believed everything’s my fault. Now I refuse to do it. I have no idea what to do and how to cope but realisation is already something, right?

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